Rtucharya: The 6 seasons and lifestyle, diet, and your Yoga practice

Just as the rising sun removes the darkness of the sky, similarly, the scientific knowledge of cosmic manifestation removes all illusory duality from mind of the serious student. Even if illusion enters his heart, it cannot remain there.
– Srimad Bhagavatam 11-24-28


Rtu = fixed or appointed time, season, Charya = regime, routine.

In the Vedas, Time is equated with the Consciousness Time (Kala) is the source of the divisions of time. It unites procession, recession, and stasis.

“Kalo gatinivrtti sthiti: samdadhati” – Sankhayana Aranyaka 7.20.

One fundamental understanding in Ayurveda is about the seasons. It is fundamental in diagnosis as well as prescription in many ways. There are 6 seasons in the year from the view of Ayurveda. There is a separation of each of the Summer and Winter seasons between their wet and a dry parts making two seasons (an early and late) of Winter and two (an early and late) of Summer. Add to this your normal Spring and Autumn and you have 6 seasons, not 4.

Dakshinayana and Uttarayana (Two main seasons)
Around June 21, the first day of summer and the longest day of the year, the sun rises not directly in the east, but in the northeast. Then six months later on December 21, the first day of winter and the shortest day of the year, the sun will rise in the southeast. This may not sound like a big thing, but if one actually looks along the horizon from the north-east to the south-east you will see that it is a distance of 60 degrees, one sixth of a circle. This means that between the longest day of the year and the shortest day of the year the sun has been rising each day a little more towards the south. The sun has been moving in a southernly course along the horizon. 1.pngThis is called the sun’s southern course (dakshinayana –visarjanīya meaning “discharge, liberation” or the wet season). Then, from December 21 until June 21, the sun will be moving in the reverse direction (apparent motion), north along the horizon. This is called the sun’s northern course (uttarayana – adana meaning “taking, seizing” or the dry season). During the northern course the days are getting successively longer (light is increasing) and during southern course the days are getting shorter (light is decreasing). Actually, when the sun reaches its most northernly point on June 21st and when the sun reaches its most southernly point on December 21, there is about a three week “hanging” or “turning around” period when the sun appears to move very little. Thus the first day of the northern course (uttarayana – adana or dry season) is not considered December 22, instead January 14th is the day (sankranti), and the first day of the southern course (dakshinayana – visarga or wet season) is not June 22, but July 17th. This north/south movement of the sun is important since all things are considered better (auspicious) if they are performed in light. It is considered more auspicious to move into a house, install a sacred image, start a business, or even to die during the northern course of the sun than during the southern course. Remember the metaphor: the sun equals light, which equal knowledge and life, which equals consciousness. You can see because of light, because of this you can move and walk. The light creates form, it creates health and growth, it creates wealth, and there are many other connections. click here

The seasons are based upon the sun’s dominance during adana (dry season that is roughly mid January through mid July ) and the moon’s dominance during the visarga (wet season that is roughly mid July through mid January), the wind being drier in adana (dry season) then visarga (wet season) . The atmospheric changes through the changing of the seasons create a disturbance in the equilibrium of the mahabhutas (five elements) and gunas (qualities).

This disturbance first leads to the accumulation of doshas (derangements) due to the mahabhutas (five elements) and gunas (qualities) increased in that specific season. This is the first stage of disease. With the continued change of the season it further aggravates the dosha (this is the second stage of disease) and then due to natures mercy the next change of season naturally balances and bring the doshas back to normalcy. These two stages of disease are occurring due to nature. Nature then leaves it up to our own ignorance (conscious and unconscious) to continue the plight into disease formation after the second stage by lifestyle and diet habits that are not beneficial for balance of that season.

This is the basic ebb and flow of creation, transformation and destruction that happen all through the year over and over. It constitutes the causes of time, season, taste (in medicines and diet), and the vitiation of the doshas and bodily strength. The deep understanding, awareness, and experience of this dance allows someone to create health, high immune function and ward most possibilities of becoming ill or diseased as well as ward off aging and its effects. This understanding is also deeply used in Ayurveda as to when in accordance to Kala (time), Prakriti (first nature or balance) and Vikriti (imbalance) to treat a patient. It also guides a doctor to foresee what disease will most likely occur in someone’s future due to most people continue their path of ignorance that has lead them to the current imbalance. More on this in a moment. First we have to understand the elements, doshas, and 6 tastes.

Elements, Dosha and 6 tastes:
The five elements are at the basis of understanding everything about Ayurveda. Each element has qualities (gunas).

Space (Akash)
Qualities
 – soft, light, subtle and abundant.
Action – provides room, looseness, openness and it provides container for other elements
Facilitates – sound and non-resistance
Substance – anything that is light, profuse, and ethereal
Example – hollow and light foods (foods are not just one element)– popcorn, wafers, crackers, kale
Intake – increases softness and lightness in the body

Air (Vayu)
Qualities – weightless, mobile, cool, dry, porous and subtle
Action – motion or movement, evaporation, dryness
Facilitates – touch and vibration.
Substance – anything dry and airy, or that creates gas
Example – toast, cookies, cabbage, beans, kale
Intake – increases coolness, dryness, movement and circulation

Fire  (Agni or Tejas)
Qualities – hot, sharp, dry, subtle, weightless and rough
Action – radiation of heat and light
Facilitates – form, color and temperature
Substance – anything combustible and spicy
Example – chilies, ginger, pepper, cumin, mustard seed, hing
Intake – increases digestion, metabolism (fire and heat), glow and color of skin

Water (Jala or Apa)
Qualities – oily (unctuous), moist, cool, soft, and sticky
Attribute – cohesion, lubrication
Facilitates – fluidity and taste (via saliva)
Substance – anything liquid, fluid or watery
Example – drinks, soups, melons, cucumber and other juicy fruits and salads
Intake – increases smoothness, coolness, softness and flow of fluids

Earth (Prithvi)
Qualities – heavy, rough, solid, stable, slow
Attribute – resistance, density
Facilitates – fragrance, odor and shape
Substance – anything solid and heavy
Example – oil, dairy, most grain, sugars, meats and eggs
Intake – increases heaviness, stability, obesity and solidity in the body

A combination of two of the elements create a taste. The qualities are then expanded. Each taste then has qualities and also actions it has on substance. Substance like our bodies and the tastes having effects because of the qualities it holds.

Taste Element Composition Qualities Alleviates Vitiate
Sweet Earth + Water heavy, slow, cold and oily Vata,   Pitta            Kapha
Sour Fire + Earth Hot, liquid, light, oily Vata Pitta,    Kapha
Salty  Fire + Water Light, sharp, subtle, oily and hot Vata Pitta,    Kapha
Pungent            Fire + Air Light, sharp, rough, hot and subtle Kapha Pitta,    Vata
Bitter Ether + Air Light, rough, cold Kapha, Pitta            Vata
Astringent Earth + Air Heavy, rough, cold, penetrating Kapha, Pitta            Vata

A dosha is “that which is imbalanced. It can be looked at as a natural buffering system of the body. It protects us and in general terms all three are the constitutions of the body. They are also are each made of two of the elements.

Dosha  Elements Rasa & Qualities that aggravate Rasa & Guna that mitigate
Vata Ether and Air Light, Quick, Dry, Rough, Moving, Cold, Subtle, CoarsePungent, Bitter, Astringent Sweet Sour Salt Oily, Heavy And Hot
Pitta Fire and Water Hot, Sharp, Oily, Light, Liquid, FluidSour, Salty, Pungent Sweet, Bitter, Astringent Cold and Dry
Kapha Earth and Water Heavy, Slow, Oily, Cold, Soft, Immobile, SlimySweet, Sour, Salt Pungent, Bitter, Astringent, Light, Dry, Hot

Because this is not the focus of this blog, I will just touch on it.  Understanding this and how to use them is part of the foundation of Ayurveda. It is all about the five elements and the 6 tastes and their qualities. To simplify the understanding, any taste with fire in it increases pitta then the opposites will decrease it, qualities work the same way. If there was one word that sums up Ayurveda and how it works it is “qualities.”

The Effects of Adana and Visagra (dry and wet seasons)

From mid January to mid July (adana), the sun’s rays and the wind’s sharp velocity and dryness absorb the moisture from the earth. Winds progressively bring about more and more dryness through the three seasons of late winter, spring and summer. Having drying effects on everything this also effects the tastes in substances enhancing the bitter astringent and pungent tastes and this also causes weakness in humans.
Charaka Samhita – Sutrasthana 6:6

Although we have not talked about shad rasa (the 6 tastes) in detail, this is a very important concept in Ayurveda. We will get to it and you can also search for other articles on this blog explaining them and food and how this all works together. The actions of the tastes is important to understand. Also know that a substance does not have just one taste. garlic for example has five of the six tastes.

During the seasons from mid July to mid January, the sun moves towards the south and its power of heating lessens as the progression through the season by the amount of daytime, the course of the sun, storms and rains but the moon is not effected. The earth is cooled of the heat, as well, by the rains and storms. The substances of the earth are affected by this having a result of sour, salty and sweet tastes which cause unctuousness in the body and a growth in strength as we move through the wet season (late summer, autumn and early winter).
Charaka Samhita – Sutrasthana 6:7

In the summer, the human body is weak. In the winter the human body is strong. In the middle time between both, the body is of moderate strength.
Charaka Samhita – Sutrasthana 6:8

 

Of course this is variable as per latitude of location on this earth

As I have experienced in my years of Ayurveda, I have come to the understanding through my experience that the seasonal vagaries of dosha follow the texts due to the seasons being from the troposphere. If it is summer in the US it is summer all over the US. The larger effects the smaller localities as the baseline. The confusion of the seasons is maintained as in Western Ayurveda as to what they believe is reasons to just say that pitta is aggravated in Summer, a superficial comprehension. I have not ever experienced pitta aggravated in the beginning of summer except to those people that have pitta imbalances already. More on this later but just to make note that the doshic imbalance is different all over the earth just as if there is a mountain with forest and a river running next to it. The top of the mountain is bereft of foliage. The dosha difference would be drier on the mountain yet in contrast the forest below by the river would be wetter and cooler. Yet in this container, the same season would be affecting the entire environment.

What does all of this seasonal change mean for your asana practice? Since what we “do” in the Western world as yoga is simply as a form of exercise that we believe is based on asana, Vyayam/sayasa (exercise) is only ever to half capacity even in the best seasons of strength (winter). This is just another reason why hot yoga and the kick your butt yoga classes have nothing to do with Yoga and are contraindicated to health or solely based in Western exercise/health theory and not actual knowledge of Yoga and Ayurveda. Anything past that level of exertion aggravates vata and creates imbalances and disease. The heat is increased in the body while moving and exercising to the point at which the body is not longer able to keep itself at a proper temperature. The body’s natural way of balancing this is to have you breathe through the mouth as it is now impossible to breathe through the nose alone. (See shloka 50 below) The body also starts to perspire above the upper lip and on the brow. These are indicators/signs in Ayurveda and Yoga that the individual has reached their highest level of capacity. Any more than this is ativyayam, over exertion. It will imbalance prana. Ativyayam (excessive exertion) is one of the main causative factors for many diseases later in life. You don’t see the effects right away or even feel them till later. Allopathic medicine as well can not see any relationship or see those diseases as caused by this excessive exertion due to the fact that they appear later in life but you can see for yourself what a old school marathoner or triathlete looks like; a wrinkled dried up raisin with so many joint problems, digestive and malabsorption problems and more. The same happens from excessive sex, it being another form of exertion mentioned in detail in Ayurvedic texts. Your asana practice should be creating health, not destroying it because you follow what is popular blindly. It should be balancing to prana, stronger in the winter and more rejuvenating or restorative in the summer. One size fits all is not what Yogasana or Ayurveda is about.

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That age old saying translates to “One should refrain from ‘too much’ of anything.”

 

Diversion and Sidebar……

dvādaśātmakaṃ vatsarametasyāgneyamardhamardhaṃ vāruṇam. maghādyaṃ śra­viṣthārdham āgneyaṃ krameṇotkrameṇa sārpādyaṃ śraviṣṭhārdhāntaṃ saumyam. tatraikaikamātmano navāṃśakaṃ sacārakavidham. (Mai Up 6.14)

“The year consists of twelve months. The one half of it belongs to the god Agni, the other half to Varuṇa. The half belonging to Agni begins at the beginning of the lunar mansion of Maghā and ends in the middle of the lunar mansion of Śraviṣṭhā, while the Sun moves southward. The half belonging to Soma/Varuṇa begins with the lunar mansion Sarpa/Āśleśā and ends in the middle of Śraviṣṭhā, while the Sun moves northward. Each month of it has nine parts according to the progression of the lunar mansions.”

Śraviṣṭhā is the beginning of the year because it is the location of “uttarayana”, the point at which the Sun begins moving northward and the days begin getting longer or the Winter solstice which 4,000 years ago was when the Sun entered Shravishtha.

The shortest day and the beginning of the northward course of the Sun (and Moon) begins at Shravishtha, and that the beginning of the southward course begins in Aslesha (the opposite star from Shravishtha). The day increases each day from the winter solstice, and visa versa from the summer solstice.
The six vedic “seasons” are equivalent to the Sun’s movement through 4 and a half nakshatra segments (seasons from the Moon).

 

 

A Year
The system of the year was mathematically calculated by astronomy in vedic times and is known from texts of about 1000 BC. It divides an approximate solar year of 360 days into 12 lunar months of 27 (Taittiriya Samhita 4.4.10.1-3) or 28 (Atharvaveda 19.7.1.) days. The resulting discrepancy was resolved by the intercalation of a leap month every 60 months.

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Time was reckoned by the position marked off in constellations on the ecliptic in which the Moon rises daily in the course of one lunation (the period from New Moon to New Moon) and the Sun rises monthly in the course of one year. (just for a side bar, what is the difference between starting a month from the new moon verses starting a month from a full moon?)

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These fixed star constellations (nakshatras) each measure an arc of 13 20′ of the ecliptic circle. The positions of the Moon were directly observable, and those of the Sun inferred from the Moon’s position at Full Moon, when the Sun is on the opposite side of the Moon. The position of the Sun at midnight was calculated from the nakshatra (lunar mansion) that culminated on the meridian at that time, the Sun then being in opposition to that naksatra.

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The year was divided into three thirds of four months, each of which would be introduced by a special religious rite, the chaturmasya (four-month rite). Each of these periods was further divided into two parts (seasons or rtu): spring (vasanta), from mid-March until mid-May; summer (grishma), from mid-May until mid-July; the rains (varsha), from mid-July until mid-September; autumn (sharad), from mid-September until mid-November; winter (hemanta), from mid-November until mid-January; and the dews (shishira), from mid-January until mid-March. These religious rites or holidays were always celebrated with feasts or fasts with or without foods that created balance in the human being due to the seasonal elemental transformation. In fact, most hindu holidays of today have the same history that the foods and rites around them are nothing more than ways of balancing with the forces of nature. Of course, with the Westernization of the world, this is being lost because the passing down of the knowledge that is behind why they are doing what is being taken as tradition is becoming more and more thrown away for newer popular fads and fashions.

Shishira Late Winter mid Jan to mid March
Vasanta Spring mid March to mid May
Grishma Summer mid May to mid July
Varsha Rainy season mid July to mid September
Sharad Autumn mid September to mid November
Hemanta Early Winter mid November to mid January

Again, each dosha accumulates (Chaya), aggravates (Prakopa) and becomes normal (Prasamana) in different Rtus (Seasons). Vata (air and either or movement function) accumulates in early summer, aggravates in late summer and calms down in autumn. Pitta (fire and water or metabolism) accumulates in “late” summer, aggravates in autumn (Sharad rtu) and calms down with the cold in early winter. Kapha (earth and water or structure and secretions) accumulates in late winter, aggravates in spring (Vasant rtu) and calms down in summer. Vata can get aggravated in winter but only if one does not eat enough due to agni increased by the increased cold pushing it deeper into the system, therefore winter time is absolutely the wrong time to fast or diet. There are no Wintertime cleanses going on from a Ayurvedic sense, no antikapha diets in winter. Your immune system depends on your building your body with heavy foods in the winter and then burning the kapha out in the spring.

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In a nutshell, to balance each season here is your cheat sheet. Remember, every meal or day at least should contain all the six tastes. This cheat sheet is just a guide or map and not the whole picture. There is a tremendous amount more to know. This is a start. Caveat, a little bit of information is very dangerous.

Season Taste Food and Drink
Winter  Sweet, Sour, Salty Hot or warm
Spring Bitter, Astringent, Pungent Moisture-less and fatless
Summer Sweet Room Temperature
Autumn Sweet, Bitter Astringent Moisture-less and fatless

It is of interest to note that the seasons originally had different names as well.
Tapas (Austerity) and Tapasya (Performer of Austerity) are the two months of the frozen season. Madhu (Sweetness) and Madhava (Enjoyer of Sweetness) are the two months of the blossoming season (Spring). Shukra (Bright and Clear) and Shuci (Pure and Clean) are the two months of the hot season (Summer). Nabha (Bursting) and Nabhasya (Fogged) are the two months of the rainy season. Isha (Fertile) and Oorja (Invigorating) are the two months of the mature season (Autumn). Saha (Overcoming) and Sahasya (Strong) are the two months of the frost season.”

 

Now for everyone that wants to learn the nitty gritty details here it is:

What to do to balance in Winter (Hemanta and Sisira):
During the winter the digestive power of a human being possessing good health and strength is enhanced due to the external cold and how it restrains the heat inside the body and does not let it out. The internal heat increases in the digestion making it stronger so it is capable of digesting any food substance irrespectively of its heaviness and the quantity ingested. If you do not feed this strong digestion and it does not get the proper fuel, the digestive fire affects the nutritive fluids of the body, the digestive fire consumes the tissues of the body (autolysis), and this will cause vata to be aggravated. Therefore, during winter one should eat: foods that are unctuous, sour and salty juices of meats and/or meatsoup of fatty aquatic and marshy animals (this is used as an antidote for the possibility of vata being vitiated), meat of burrow dwelling animals prepared by mincing it, and animals that snatch their prey. Someone that has a strong digestive fire should drink flash boiled cow’s milk, cane juice, fat, oils, new rice and hot water. One should get massaged, anointed with oils, apply oil to the head and reside in a heated building. Sex is advised in excess only during winter. Make sure to wear warm clothing and wear aguru oil as a scent and see that seats and bedding are covered with blankets to keep warm and not expose oneself to cold as this can aggravate vata as well due to vata’s cold nature. Dieting or fasting and eating gruel or too light of meals like kitchari is also to be avoided.
Charaka Samhita – Sutrasthana 6:9 – 18 (with a bit of translation)

In the winter, we strive to create good health. Earth and Water elements (kapha dosha) are high in the winter. It is the time to build, as the digestion is strong and the power of digestion is the bodily strength. With ones individual agni in view, heavy food is prescribed both qualitatively and quantitatively in winter and unless heavy food is taken the digestion does not function properly. If heavy food are not taken the body cannot produce the proper heat and nutrition to the tissues. This is the worst time to do a raw diet (AYURVEDA DOES NEVER DO RAW DIET AS IT IS AGAINST REALLY FUNDAMENTAL COMPREHENSION OF AGNI, SUBSTANCE QUALITIES, DIGESTION AND JUST PLAIN HEALTH, SEVERAL DISEASES ARE CAUSED BY EATING TOO MUCH RAW FOOD AS PER AYURVEDIC KNOWLEDGE), juicing, or any cold foods or foods and drinks of pungent bitter and astringent tastes. It will highly aggravate vata and cause problems with the digestion and an accumulation of bad fat will accumulate. The difference between early winter and late winter is that the late winter is dry and the lengthening of the day starts towards the end of it. During this time it is important to watch the digestive fire and the heavy foods that are eaten. Eating heavy foods prepared in a way that makes them lighter is the ayurvedic way. Take grains for example, if you simple dry roast them before preparing them their normal way, it makes them light by fact that you are putting fire element into them or precooking them and breaking down the proteins in a Western framework. It is noteworthy to mention here that if you were to google “winter anti kapha diet” you would have the most unbelievable amount of results come up. If one was to follow what is written, that advice, they would destroy their immune system which is built off of the heavy nourishing foods eaten in winter. There are many discrepancies in the seasons with Western Ayurvedic and I will not go into what they say, but from the original texts quote above you can see that this is not true.

The difference between the two winters is that the early winter is wet and the later is dry. During the first part of winter we are able to take in heavy, nourishing, sweet foods because the digestion is so strong. Later, coming into the dry winter we change to uttarayana. The change is the start of the digestive power declining. It wanes until the middle of summer where it starts to wax again from its weakest point. Our diet needs to reflect this by watching our digestive capacity. Eating heavy foods but in a lighter way is the easiest way to do this. Soups, stews, root vegetables, meats of drier climates is the best way to do this.

Yoga practice in winter:
In the winter, it is the time to exert yourself. Exercise is advised. Your asana practice can be exerting but remember that it is only ever to have capacity at the best of times and this is it. Kidney toning asanas are recommended; suryanamaskar, supta vajrasana, shashakasana, marjariasana, shashank bhujangasana, vyaghrasana, trikonansana, matsyasana, all back bending, paschimottasana, ardha matsyendrasana, halasana, gomuktasana and ushtrasana.*

Pranayama: Build the digestion as it is at its highest now and the better we make it the better your immune system and health will be for the rest of the year. Bhastrika, agnisara kriya, uddiyana bandha, nauli.

Mudra: Maha Mudra

What to do to balance in Spring (Vasanta):
Accumulated kapha is liquified by the heat of the sun and disturbs the digestion and metabolism as well as causes many diseases. One should avoid heavy, unctuous, sour and sweet foods. Day sleep is avoided at all cost as it will increase kapha. In the beginning of spring one should habitually resort to exercise to half capacity, anointing with aromatic oils and powders of sandalwood and aguru, garglings with sesame oil (gandusha and kavala), and applying kajal to the eyes. Eat barley and wheat, meats of rabbit, antelope, quail and partridge.
Charaka Samhita – Sutrasthana 6:22 – 26 (with a bit of translation)

Yoga practice in Spring:
Asana: Spring time is a time to get moving and dry out. If you do not the heavy moisture will overflow and produce digestive disorders as well as flus, allergies and cold. Get moving and burn out the residual kapha that has built during the winter months. Spring is also the season for cleansing and renewing. Liver asanas such as pachimottasana, meru varkrasana, bhunamanasana, ardha matsyadrasana, merudandasana, utthita hasta merudandasana and ardha padma pashimottasana. Dhanurasana, Jathara Parivartanásana and matsyasana are also really great asanas for kapha. Pavanmuktasana series 2 is focused upon the digestion which is compromised in the spring time. Simhakriya and Kunjalkriya are great for ridding of excess kapha.

Mudra: Maha Mudra

Shatkarma: Kunjal kriya, laghoo shankhaprakshalana, nauli, agnisar dhauti, jalaneti, vastra dhauti

Pranayama: Kapalbhati, bhastrika, surya bhedana, agnisara kriya, sheetkrama

What to do to balance in Early Summer (Grishma):
In the summer the sun evaporates the moisture of the earth by its rays. The intake of sweet, cold, liquid, and unctuous diet and drinks is prescribed. You do not suffer from any diseases in this season if you drink mantha (One part barley flour and four parts water) with sugar, eat the meat of animals and birds in aired climates and eat ghee and milk with navara rice (Oryza sativa), avoiding taking food of salty, sour and pungent or hot. Physical exercise should be given up during this season. Daytime naps are appropriate in an cooled environment. In night time you can smear your body with paste made of sandalwood and sleep on airy roof top and be cooled by the rays of the moon. Sexual entercourse is prohibited although some can enjoy gardens, cold water and flowers.
Charaka Samhita – Sutrasthana 6:27 – 32 (with a bit of translation so that it reads better)

In the summer, our bodies are at their weakest. The hot rays of the sun are taking back the nourishing that nature had given up back in the winter. Eating sweet, cooling, liquid and unctuous foods will help us maintain the nourishment and health needed in this time. Beware, these foods can be heavy to digest so we eat them in small quantity or cook them in a way that makes them lighter and easy to digest. Digestion is at its weakest in summertime. Animals and birds of aired climates is just another way of explaining qualities. These animals will all have a lighter quality to them and be easier to digest. Foods of salty, sour and pungent or hot qualities will all create more heat in the body. Sandalwood is cooling to the body and has a pleasant odour. It will cool the body and mind on those hot and dry summer days. In the summer, alcohol is prohibited as it is heating and drying to the body. Exercise as well is prohibited along with sexual intercourse because we are trying to hold on to the strength and both will deplete us substantially. Pitta is not aggravated in the summertime, vata is. 

In summer, the suns rays become powerful; day after day and appears destructive to all things; kapha decreases day by day and vata increases consequently (because of the dryness)
Ashtanga Hrydaya Sutrasthana 3:26 – 27

Yoga practice in early Summer:
Asana: Remember that the body is at its weakest during the summer, exertion is at its least. As the heat and dryness is high, working with the moon and cooling asana as well as nourishing is the way to go. Restorative asana is best for summer. Suryanamaskar can still be done but is done to very less exertion. Organ focus can be on the heart and small intestines. Bhujangasana, shalabhasana, sarpasana, shavasana with legs up (vipareeta) a wall is a wonderful way to work the heart.

Mudra: Maha Mudra, anjali mudra, viparita karani mudra, hridaya mudra, Yoni mudra

Shatkarma: Moola shodana, lots of mula bandha, basti

Pranayama: Shitali, Shitkari, Chandrabhedana,

Meditation: Yoga nidra, Yam mantra focused on anahata with blue lotus, grounding

What to do to balance in Late Summer (Varsha):
The body and digestion are weakened during the period of dehydration. It is weakened even further by the aggravation of vata and the other dosha during the rains. The digestive power is affected due to the gas coming out of the earth, rainfall, increase in acidity in water and consequently vata and the other doshas get vitiated. It is advisable to be very moderate in diet and regime during this time. Abstaining from: mantha in excess, day sleep, water from rivers, excessive exercise, being out in the sun rays, and indulgence in sex. Use old honey (more than 1 year old) in diet, drinks (like water) and others. If the days are cooler due to heavy rains, eating sour, salty and unctuous serves as an effective antidote to the vitiation of vata during the rainy season. In order to maintain the strength of the digestion, eating old barley, wheat, navara rice along with the meat of  animals arid and vegetable soups. Drink collected rain water or water that is from a well or pond that is brought to a boil then let cooled and mixed with a little old honey. It is advised to rub the body then apply oils and then take a bath. Wear fragrant garlands, light and clean apparel and reside in a house devoid of humidity in this season.
Charaka Samhita – Sutrasthana 6:33 – 40 (with a bit of translation so that it reads better)
 
In the early summer we see that the heat and rays of the sun the body and digestion is weakened. In the larger two seasons of dry and wet we have now moved into the wet season and late summer. The rainwater (or the atmosphere) being dried creates humidity. This as well as the weakened digestion in turn vitiates all the doshas. The rains and storms create a acidity of water which creates vitiation of pitta and kapha. This in conjunct with the weakened body and digestion makes this the most challenging season. Pitta and kapha are further vitiated due to non complete digestion or half digestion of consumed foods. Vata is also vitiated due to the improper nourishment of the tissues due to the improper digestion. This puts into perspective that this is the most important time to watch the digestion and keep the flame alive by eating small digestible meals. Old honey is used in this season because of its ability to dry the dampness of the season. If taken in large amounts or if consuming young honey which is oozy it will have the adverse effect due to qualities. Oozy, new honey has an opposite effect of moistening the tissues. Naps create excessive heaviness and moisture in the system as well. Ayurveda explains that there are so many different waters. Rain water is by far the best water and river water is hard to digest. Well or pond water is heavy but the boiling of it changes this quality and makes it more digestible. Exercise in this season is minimal but needed to help with the abundant moisture. This means it is advised but light due to the weakness of the body and digestion. Old barley, old rice, wheat, and navara rice are all grains that will be building for the body but light to digest. This can be made even lighter and is advisable to dry roasting them before cooking them. At the change of early summer to late summer we also see the winds change direction. The winds now come from the south and are colder by nature. This is also a reason why vata can be aggravated so stay out of the wind and protected. 
 
Yoga practice in late summer:
Asana: Once again reminded that the body is at its weakest and exercise is limited. Organ focus: spleen and stomach  Focus on bandhas; mula bandha and uddiyana. Shavasana with legs up a wall
Mudra: Ashwini mudra, maha veda mudra, maha mudra, yoga mudra, viparita karani mudra, Yoni mudra, Closing the seven gates mudra, nasikagra mudra Pranayama: Small amount of agnisara kriya will be beneficial but over doing it will aggravate pitta. Shitali, Shitkari.
Meditation: Trataka, Grounding.
 
What to do to balance in Autumn (Sharad):
The bodies that have adapted to the rains and cold are suddenly exposed to the heat of the sun with the beginning of autumn. Pitta that has accumulated during the rainy season now gets vitiated. In this season, sweet, light, cold, and bitter food and drink that have a potential to alleviate pitta are to be taken in moderate quantity when there is good appetite. The meats of quail, partridge, antelope, sheep, and rabbit, old rice, barley and wheat are all prescribed for this season as well as intake of ghee with bitter medicines. We should avoid being out in the direct sun, oil,  meat of aquatic and marshy animals, alkaline salt preparations, and yogurt. Day time sleep, exposure to frost, and easternly winds are also avoided. Water is exposed to the rays of the sun by day and the cooling rays of the moon at night. It is also purified by the light of the star agastya that is out at this time depending upon where you are on the planet. This turns the water into nectar for swimming, drinking and bathing. Use garlands of flowers that are in season for wearing as well as clean apparel. The rays of the moon are beneficial at this time.
Charaka Samhita – Sutrasthana 6:41 – 48 (with a bit of translation so that it reads better)
 

If pitta is prevented from accumulation during the past season of the rainy season, reduction of the chances of pitta being aggravated by the heat of the sun in this season is reduced. The diet becomes even lighter in this season because the lighter the diet, the better the digestion. Although pitta is thought to be the digestion it is not. the accumulation of the water element part of pitta will bring about a loss of digestion. Pitta itself can surpress the digestive fire. The quantity of food is the most of importance in this season as eating various quantities will disturb the digestion and bring about severe types of ailments. Bitter ghee is a really good way to overcome pitta. The bitter taste is air and ether. It is drying and light so it balances pitta. Water that is left in a jar for 24 hours is energized by the sun and the moon as well as the star Agastya (Canopus, Alpha Carinae, which is the second brightest star in the sky) is said to be the ‘cleanser of waters’, since its rising coincides with the calming of the waters of the Indian ocean. Depending where your location is on the planet this may effect you or not. Here in the Bay Area, it is just under the southern horizon at this latitude at this time of year. Depending upon who you speak to and their level of knowledge, you will hear different statements as to the effect of this star. Some might say it is correct as it is out during this time of year. Some might say it has minimal effect because it is still out there but under the horizon or some say it is completely devoid of effect because it is under the horizon. You can just try putting water out and see what the effect is. In India it is completely in effect.

Here in the texts it is clear that pitta is aggravated in this season. More to this point is that in the texts there are treatments for purging pitta that are mentioned to be done IN THIS SEASON. This is because pitta is ripe to be treated where it is not in other seasons.

Asana practice in Autumn:
Asana: Organ focus: Lung and large intestine. Suryanamaskara, supta vajrasana, akarna dhanurasana, hasta uttanasana, uttitha lolasana, matsyasana, baddha padmasana, all back bending asanas, sarvangasana, mayurasana,
 
Mudra: Maha Mudra
Pranayama: Chandrabhedana, Shitkara, Shitali, KapalabhatiMeditation: Trataka
All the following yoga practice is general to the season just to give you an idea of the direction it can go and how it can be used to create balance. It is in no way concrete as yoga asana for example has such a dynamic variety of benefits.  Each selection is specific to its functions for that season but can be used in other seasons for different reasons. Only a knowledgable real teacher or sadhaka knows what these asanas/pranayama/mudra etc… do and how to use them. I must add, in staying in integrity, that none of the yoga texts have any information on seasonal practice regime. What is written above is solely from my own making things up with the knowledge of asana, etc and the addition of an ayurvedic knowledge. One informs the other. But…. this is within the realm of the structure of simple and solid ayurvedic principles and I have not taken any poetic rights to add my flair or biases. Also, a practice is individual in Ayurveda as well as yoga so being knowledgeable as well as aware of what is going on with your system is the only way to properly practice anything at all. There is plenty written in yogic texts of vata/vayu/pavan/anila, pitta, and kapha/shleshma as well as the elements and even lots of astronomical connections to tithis, nakshatras, etc… just the same as there is yoga and astronomical knowledge being used in Ayurvedic texts. Back in the day this knowledge was all the basis of one’s knowledge, not at all like the disconnect we have today and limited knowledge and alpa buddhi.

This understanding of the seasons is all a map, not the actual experience. This map gives us a tool to work with the climates of the regions we live in. I must point out that in the US I have watched in detail for this map to play out. No bias as to how it would occur. I can report that consistently for the past many years I have watched my clients, students, friends and family all over the US come down with diseases that are occurring due to the seasonal change in order of the template given in the texts. At the change of seasons from winter to spring, it is obvious to all of us that people get so called allergies and colds and flus. This is nothing more than people eating heavy foods and kapha increasing foods at a time that needs just the opposite qualities (gunas). This is world wide. If this template did not work then those symptoms would not occur. In spring time, I have also seen a client be diagnosed with diabetes. This is to happen in spring because of the same kapha imbalance and excessive water element that happens due to the melting kapha. As we progress through the seasons, It happens every year. If pitta was high in summer there would be no reason for this. Pitta is also water, not just fire. In the turn of late summer into autumn, many clients of acid reflux and inflammatory diseases show up. This to fits the season of water and pitta excess. Yes, acid reflux could be argued to correlate with vata being high but it is more of a pitta disease as it is named “amlapitta” or sour “pitta” but does have a vata aspect to it. Other clients I have seen to have skin diseases at the onset of autumn as well as spring. Skin diseases are of a kapha and pitta nature in general which is not to be seen in this season. So as per the experience of the seasons by the dictation of what diseases are prevelant due to seasonal aggravation, I can only surmise that the ancient texts are clear and concise. I ponder to myself as to how this might occur in places like the north or south pole that have obvious discrepancy with “normal” seasons (seasons of 6 month of darkness or light). One can also surmise with the lower life expectancy in Alaska, men had a life expectancy of 74.5 years in 2000 — 11 years behind the international standard that the further you get into the seasons being so not as balanced that the life expectancy is also shortened.

Now here is a very important view to look at; If someone is trying to balance pitta in summer because that is what they read or was taught, and say that I am actually incorrect and Western Ayurveda books are correct and I am totally of my rocker then someone is completely okay in following the Western ideas of the seasonal vagarities. But if I am correct and Pitta is not aggravated in Summer yet you are following what the Western Ayurvedic model that is being taught is following, you will increase vata. Unfortunately, Vata is what is responsible for creating all disease. Bummer. Hmmmmm………
and then also if someone is trying to balance vata in autumn (once again because this is what they were taught) they will in turn increase Pitta. Furthermore, Vata is to your prana or your energy, pitta to your digestion and Kapha to your immune system. If you go on a western ayurveda diet of anti: vata, pitta, or kapha and restrict or prohibit any of these, you will destroy the correlative system of the body. This is actually dangerous and disease forming. My advise is to only work with a “Doctor” of Ayurveda that has gone thru the BAMS course in India or even better an MD or Ph.D. BAMS is a 6 year course in real medicine, including allopathy, verses our several months course or less educational system that has prevailed as Western Ayurveda certification system. Ayurveda is way deeper and detailed than what is taught in any of the Western courses that I myself have experienced going thru several of them.

Another thought that is important to see, is the changing of our environment with the geo engineering that has been going on, if you believe in that. The seasons have been pretty messed up over the past several years and seemingly getting worse. To experience no summer or no winter is a dosha in its own right. It is an imbalance in nature. This comes with a high price to pay for those that do not know how to constantly be alert to their self as well as their environment. I have seen this yearly in my experience. We will see how this plays out in the future. Before Christmas: Roses blooming in London, apple blossoms in Washington, and mangoes in India…… all signs in the early winter that should be happening only in the beginning of spring. Maybe will write an article on this sometime.

Okay, enough rant. Well…… 

 

Here is a little cheat sheet for the seasons as well.

Season
Food Favor
Avoid Food
Lifestyle favor
Avoid Lifestyle
Spring
-Bitter, pungent, astringent taste.
-Light food items
-Honey, Barley, Wheat.
-Water boiled with dry ginger
-Take water with honey
ShunthiAshwagandha and Pippali
-Sweet and sour taste.
-Heavy food items.
-Cold, oily and fatty food stuff
-Body detoxification procedure for Kapha.
-Exercise to half capacity.
-Massage with chickpea flour
-Body Mask with Chandana and Aguru.
-Can perform sexual activities once in every three days.
-Sleep in day hours.
Summer
-Sweet taste.
-Cold, light, liquid food items.
-Naturally cold water, not that one chilled in refrigerators.
Navar Rice.
-Milk, Ghee.
-Resins
-Coconut water and sugar.
-Pungent, sour and salty tastes.
-Hot food stuff.
-Alcoholic beverages.
-Products with caffeine and nicotine.
-Stay in cold places, not too much chilled.
-Enjoy picnics at Water Falls and deep forests, near the nature.
-Exercise is minimal
-Light clothing.
-Sleeping in moon night (It gives uncutousness to body)
-Body mask of Chandana.
-Exercise.
-Stay in sharp Sun Light.
Rains
-Add honey in all food items, which are not hot.
-Sour and salty tastes.
-Eat old rice, wheat and barley.
-Watered down alcoholic beverages, added with a lot of water.
-Boil your water before drinking it.
-Avoid the foods which are heavy and juicy.
-Preserved food items.
-Fruits in excess.
-Detoxification of Pitta.
-Stay in clean and protected place from mosquitoes and rats etc.
-Massage with dry powders.
-Body mask of Aguru.
-Sleeping in day hours.
-Overindulgence of Sex.
-Walking in the dew
-Exercise.
-Stay in direct sun light.
Autumn
-Sweet, pungent and astringent taste.
-Cold and light food articles.
-Bitter Ghee.
Navar Rice.
-Green gram.
Amalaki, Resins, MulethiShatavari.
-Yogurt.
-Heavy meals.
-Alcoholic drinks.
-Light and clean clothing.
-Swimming
-Enjoy moon light.
Body mask for Pitta having Khaskhas.
-Long stay in direct sunlight.
-Sleeping in day hours.
-Walking in dew.
Early winter
-Sweet, sour and salty taste.
-Heavy and oily food stuff.
-Grains of new crops
-Ghee
-Dairy products
-Light and restricted diet
-More pungent and astringent food items.
-Exercise
-Massage with herbal powders and with oils.
-Enjoy indirect sunlight.
-Body mask having Aguru
-Use lukewarm water for all daily activities
-Laziness and leisure
-Dryness increasing activities.
-To stay in direct air.
Late Winter
Follow the regimes of early winter
Follow the regimes of early winter
Follow the regimes of early winter
Follow the regimes of early winter

Just in case you have any doubts of validity of what I have stated about the Westerner world and the incorrectness of what they are calling Ayurveda, reminder… they state that summer is when Pitta is high due to the heat.

Here is what real ayurveda states:

http://ijapr.in/articles/review/221472.pdf

www.slideshare.net/eayurveda/ritucharya-final-presentation

www.ayurvedian.com/ritucharya.php

ekikrat.in/Pitta-Season-Ayurveda

jml2012.indexcopernicus.com/abstract.php?icid=1106496

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32 thoughts on “Rtucharya: The 6 seasons and lifestyle, diet, and your Yoga practice

  1. Thank you so much for all these informations. I am very new in learning Ayurveda and also in Yoga. I am very confused about the yogasanas: Since I am doing the asana courses from the book “lights on yoga” from BKS Iyengar and he tells to do these asanas six times a week. This is wrong when I read your article above? Should I only do the asanas mentioned above now in late summer? (I live in Switzerland). But how can I progress then in all the asanas which are so good for health according to Iyengar, Sri Pattabhi Jois etc.?
    Sorry, my question is very very basic I know… And thank you so much for an answer.
    Monika

    • Hi Monika,
      Thanks for your question. It is totally fine that it is a beginner question. Thank you for asking it. Others will learn from your question.

      Starting out in these subjects can be kinda overwhelming. Mostly since the books written in english for the masses are just superficial and wrong when you get to the depth of how all of this stuff work. When someone is writing, they think of the audience that they are writing to. So books that you will get for the masses will only be that superficial level… ever.
      I suggest getting into the books for the BAMS in India if you want to really increase your chances of learning real ayurveda.

      As far as yoga goes, asana is not yoga. Ever.
      It won’t get anyone anywhere but stuck in the material world and focused on the body. There are many paths of yoga that do not even have any asana in them at all. Think about that a second. What does it say? And we are so focused in the exercise world of what we are calling yoga. Unfortunately also, asana in the West is based on western exercise. You will see this stated all over my site here. And the reasons why to back it up as well. Prana does not exist in this western exercise. There is a post explaining prana by having you stand and sit while breathing in or out and experiencing the difference between the two. Try this for yourself. It is introductory to experiencing prana in a superficial way. It is in this article… https://trueayurveda.wordpress.com/2014/11/15/the-emperors-new-clothes/
      Then there is all of this knowledge as to the asanas and what they do with prana and the breath has to be correct with the movement or it is sending prana in movement against prana in breathing and will result in disease formation. Realize that the yoga sutras does not have any asana. When it refers to asana it is referring to sitting for meditation. This is common knowledge here in India but not in foreign lands where yoga is a marketing thing and a business only. You cannot make money by having people become nonattached to everything material. Get it?
      So what does it matter in what you follow? Yoga is a path that will bring renunciation. There is no place for this in the modern world. So just do what is out there. 😉

      And every yoga teacher now is teaching real yoga. What a load of baloney. I sit here in a yoga ashram in India with a yoga teacher who has written a book and has traveled the world teaching. Kinda famous. His place here. I can tell you from watching what he is doing with people every morning at 7am that it is just the same as western exercise, nothing more. Everyone is doing the same thing and in watching I can see who should be and who should not be doing certain asanas. Its asana then shavasana. As usual. And there is nothing wrong with this because it is what is generally known to be yoga, so how could he teach anything else. Western yoga has made it back to india and it is a big seller for tourism. And considering the high middle class income is about $500 a month and these yoga classes are about $20 per session, you kinda can get where all of this is really going……

      The analogy I use is that people will go to youtube and listen to mantras yet they know nothing at all about mantras and think they are all just dandy for anyone. Its not true. There is so much depth to all of these sciences. They are beautiful in what they can result in when in that depth.

      Okay. None of that stuff is in Iyengar’s books. I know alot of followers of him that will be really upset about me saying this, but it is the truth. He was with Krishnamacharya for 4 years only then was sent to a hospital far away along time ago. Its not like you could just skype back then. He studied Western anatomy and used it in therapy for the hospital patients. Great. Good for him. Applause deserved.

      There is a ton to know. I have been studying for many years now with gurus, not western books. What my experience and knowledge is, is so far from what western yoga is and results in. What can I say. That knowledge is not going to be found living in a western materialistic world out of the context and without a container for the real thing.
      So with this, I would say to follow Iyengar’s book. See what it does for you. Or follow what i have written. See the difference for yourself. Experience is the only thing that will show you the truth.

      Also, the asanas that i wrote in this article are only of my own correlation to what is happening generally in the seasons and how these will create balance for those imbalances of nature. It is not written in any text anywhere.

      If all asana was good for health, then why would all these western yogis have such high vata and injuries? I taught a class many years back. It was a special class called, “Yoga for broken yoga teachers.” It was full. Many of the teachers that were there could not even practice anymore because of improper knowledge and then improper practice. All asana is okay, huh? One of the teachers could not do downward dog for years because of her shoulders and had done everything she could do to try to get help. Nothing worked. Within 5 minutes, i had her up in downward dog and the class was amazed. When she stood up after, he shoulders and body was more properly aligned, prior to she was incredibly sunken in the chest. I simply asked her if the injuries to her shoulders happened when she went thru a relationship break up. She burst into tears immediately. Coincidental? No.

      Every asana can be done wrong or right. Don’t let anyone tell you otherwise. My mastery is in subtle biomechanics that relates to prana in the body. You move something the wrong way, it will stop the flow or worse reverse it and will cause an injury. This is not to scare you. But I so do not agree at all from my knowledge and experience with that comment. Why is it that Iyengar teachers mostly have anger problems? Interesting. And nervous system problems? I understand it, but others probably don’t even see it.
      This is not to bash anyone. Just informative and to make more view and discernment.

      Best wishes to you.

      • A proper response, and I am one of those former Iyengar students who have realized otherwise. I am curious though Brad, would you agree that Iyengar yoga might function or be of some service in line with physical therapy? (in which case you should probably go to a real therapist). Obviously all the subtle content is highly lacking from that system (aside from philosophical pandering and reinvention of Patanjali they cling to), though if it was stripped of it’s “yoga” title might it be of some service for a limited and specific audience for a certain amount of time, as you alluded to in his work within medical clinics? Obviously that is not what Iynegar’s system claims to be about, but I have seen people recover from certain injuries with it, and then continue blindly on with it and create other more subtle issues due to lack of knowledge. Oh, and I think Iyengar was only with Krishnmacharya for 2 years or so. I even heard that he went back to him and asked him to teach him pranayama, though Krishnamarcharya refused since he was so full of ego, so Iyengar spied on him and invented his own approach to the subject – which is also highly imbalancing from my experience of it. But it gets you pretty damn high.

      • Nice questions. Yes. It is good for a form of physical therapy sure. In the mundane world why not? My mastery is actually biomechanics and movement more than anything else, I would tell you as I’m balancing iyengar is, who cares. What is actually based in knowledge of balancing pranas? Not much. Physical therapy doesn’t even have such a container for it much less knowledge of prana so sure. Why not? There is good stuff in iyengar. Btw, 4 years is what is noted that he was with Krishnamacharya. And other note, who isn’t in delusion with some sort of teacher or limited system that thinks it is the purist or highest? Its a egoist materialistic modern world of Kali Yuga. Everything is tainted.

    • Hi.
      Thanks for your comment.
      Yes, simply.
      Hot and cold are the potnecies of a substance. Like cucumber is cold. Chili is hot. It is the energy it has.
      Bitter and pungent are tastes, not potencies.
      Bitter is the taste of arugula or dandelion. Pungent is like chili pepper or black pepper.
      All foods have mainly more than one taste to them. Garlic itself has 5 of the six tastes.
      So it is not cut and dry and linear black and white. You can find other posts here that go into the 6 tastes like here https://trueayurveda.wordpress.com/?s=6+tastes.

      • Ayurveda does not work that way, allopathy and everything from a Western lens does.
        Ayurveda takes diagnosis of the individual and then do a treatment based on an individual level. The is the problem. The western mind and paradigm is only if you have this then this is what you do. No individual treatment. No way to see the individual just diagnosis disease which is the symptom of the root problem not the root.
        Hope that makes sense.

        This is why you will never find anything in real ayurveda saying take this if you have that.

        This is also the problem with Ayurveda in the West. It is put into the same framework that the western paradigm is. It’s not ayurveda and not understood as being anything but either just another way of treatment or some woo woo thing because it is simply… not understood or taught here. And it cannot be talked about or taught in the western paradigm of way of thinking.

        So my advise is to do a consultation with a someone that does real ayurveda and not look for solutions to the symptoms of the problem.

  2. Acharya, which oil should be used for daily massage before bathing during Monsoon? I am from Kerala, India. there are only three seasons here, rainy, summer and winter (mild), now the monsoon rains are prevailing here.

  3. Much appreciated. I’m very well aware of the wholesome practice of dāna or giving and you have my word that I plan to pay you back soon for all the ways you’ve been able to help me out with this website of yours. It’s profound the effect that the season have on human beings…and yet it goes unnoticed by the majority population; This has brought an incredible sense of magic and wonder to my life to the point of almost wanting to cry with tears of joy.

    I’m in a crappy situation financially right now as an unemployed, sick 21 year old and I need to sustain my recent habit of abundant milk consumption but once again I certainly plan to donate.

    Thanks again and take care

    • More than most the population are very much unaware of it, I can say very simply that you can ask most people in America about the “four” seasons and they would be able to tell you what happens in them. Most all of them would not be able to tell you about how it is cycles of birth and death. Most people are not conscious of the world, just their own drama and small world. Is it really their fault when their culture does not teach them anything like this? Instead holidays are about doing things that are unhealthy yet considered celebration. Kinda interesting to do stuff that causes harm to ones health and call it celebrating huh?
      Glad it almost moves you to tears, the depth just keeps unfolding. Seriously, there is so much more of that in Ayurveda. You can hardly believe that there is such depth and beauty as you learn and experience it. It is not just in the seasons but in understanding all of life and the universe.

  4. Thanks again.
    I’m curious; with us currently in the Dewey season I noticed heavy rain the last few days, presumably from moisture collecting during the season of perfect digestion, now where does all the kapha you ingest disappear to during early winter?

    Is it fair to say that moisture is present in the late winter and with the transition of spring and decreased digestion strength that rather than “melting”, that the body is no longer able to keep the liquefied kapha out of a morbid or solid state since the internal heat isn’t as high?

    Where can I learn more about the “whys” as far as the seasonal regimes are concerned? Why is sex RECOMMENDED in excess if we’re trying to build strength? Why can’t we take sour foods in spring if most of them seem to pacify kapha? So many questions that I want to know the answer to…if you could give me some reading I’d be grateful.

    • Read Padartha Vijnana. This is the basis of everything. The fundamentals. It is what is needed to answer your questions or they do not have a container to fit into.

  5. Say that one has poor eyesight due to low tarpaka kapha but otherwise healthy majja would it be correct in assuming that the best and actually only time that one could remedy this would be in late winter via the consumption of kapha aggravating food?

    On a semi related note, will foods that pacify both vata and kapha like sesame oil, lemon juice, hot water, alcohol etc. Prevent one from properly accumulating kapha in the late winter or do they simply prevent kapha from solidifying?

    Sorry for any misinformed assumptions and thanks.

    • Nice question. Wonderful. First question is are you sure you have the diagnosis correct?
      Why is there low tarpaka kapha?
      Whos diagnosis is this, by the way?
      Yes, the lifestyle and intake need to support but they alone are not going to help much.
      I am going to just guess that you have late nights on the computer or watching TV in your life? Just a guess.
      Treatment I would do if they were my eyes, since classical preparations are not available outside india and all that Western Ayurveda knows to do is single herbs, I would get triphala ghritam and do netra tarpana with it. Also take it internally.
      Supportive herbs could be Amalaki, Guduchi, and Gokshura.
      Then make a donation.

      Getting to sleep early, waking before the sunrise, taking breaks from the computer and doing eye exercises would be my course of action.
      A lemon/lime is called matalunga and nimbu in ayurveda. Matalunga is a larger form. There is actually no lemon at all, just limes in India. There is no difference in the potency of them though, not shita and ushna. They are both sour and heating. I am writing this because now the question is, what foundation of knowledge are you following to understand what the gunas and karmas of substances are. This is a big problem. It is also a reason why i do not like to write about foods and substances because everyone has an opinion, and opinions are not truth.
      Why would you “not” want to let kapha accumulate in late winter?
      From my experience and understanding of Ayurveda, building kapha during the winter is the only way to build the bala and rejuvenate the system with the functioning of the seasons. Spring time you need to worry about the kapha. This is in no means is saying go out and over do it with the kapha foods.
      So to directly answer your questions.
      1. No. The food is not going to heal your eyesight. Also age has so much to do with it. I did not mention that.
      2. Those substances, will impede kapha from solidifying or accumulating or going into aggravation, it will melt it more to the point. But to what extent?
      No problem on the amount of knowledge. Good thinking and processing brings about good questions. Thx.

      • Thanks for your reply.

        Without going on a massive tangent. Lets just say I was one of the “lucky few” that managed to be diagnosed with a kapha imbalance on a certain western ayurveda website and it just so happened that I started the famous anti kapha “diet”…needless to say when spring was over my body was really skinny and my mind very slow from I undertsnad to be a lack of lubrication via passive kapha dosha.

        The whole reason I was on their website in the first place was due to me eating very poorly the winter of 2015 and causing a slightly less intrusive version of what I’m going through now. I’ve held out hope for my eventual return to balance as I’ve managed to remain relativeley healthy throughout the year despite my weakness…

        last year I noticed my dry skin, poor thinking and popping joints (i’m 21 for reference) getting better as I maintained a diet of mainly peanutbutter and bananas which in hindsight might have helped build what I call my healthy kapha.

        I have a few questions for you and I would be in your debt if you managed to clear them.

        1. Having eatin’ properly during early winter along with frequent rubbings with sesame oil I’ve managed to build my tissues sufficiently to the point that my body is at least physically strong. Is it possible for me to regain my lost “healthy kapha” (referring to tarpaka etc. if I follow the proper protocol for late winter? (please assume I am otherwise healthy)

        2.Will foods that don’t necessarily aggravate kapha like wheat, sesame oil, almonds and sugar help in recovering my depleted kapha dosha during late winter or merely serve to strengthen the 7 tissues?

        3. outside of late winter would it have been possible to regain kapha dosha to healthy levels? how? When I say kapha dosha I’m talking about the kapha which acts a buffering system within our bodies not necessarily a symbolic strength and integrity of the tissues.

        4.Does sex in winter aggravate vata dosha? I want to know if I should avoid it in order to rebuild healthy kapha levels. I’ve definiteley comitted myself to avoiding any drying substances like coffee etc during this time, Just want to know if I should avoid sex as well.

        Thank you for everything you do with this website, it’s truly a blessing for those who come across it.

      • 1. Forget the entire Tatiana kapha thing. I answered that before.
        2. They will help your kapha.
        3. Not easily. Possible with proper knowledge.
        4. Sex anytime depletes.

  6. Is it safe to assume that if a taste is not listed in the “avoid” category that it is allowable in moderate quantities?

    • I’m referring to the description of lifestyle and diet for the dry season which advises to avoid sour, salty, pungent hot but doesn’t list bitter or astringent even though these tastes proportedley aggravate vata.

      • There are 6 seasons here. Two only if your are categorizing by uttarayana and dakshinayana. Dry season would be the longest days of sun. Because of the long days of heat and it being the driest days, those (pungent, salty, and sour) are not going to be favored. Sweet and oily is the key to early summertime. Making the sweet and oily easy to digest is also key. Taking less spices.

  7. Pingback: Ayurveda and Keto: An Introduction to Seasonal Eating | Healthy Gamer Girl

  8. Can you please explain the concept of how the Sun is in a “turning around” phase after the winter solstice until Makara Sankranti? As you probably know the Sun is steady in its movement at roughly one degree per day and does not just sit in the sky stationary, most definitely moving at the December solstice point which many consider as uttaryana. I am doing research on Zodiacs and this topic, so this is an interesting distinction I have not seen elsewhere and want to make sure I am not missing anything. Perhaps this is just in reference to it’s effect on seasonal patterns on the earth versus astronomical usage? Thanks for all your efforts.

    • Frank,

      The earth is titled and circles around the Sun with this tilt. When the tilt is facing the sun we get summer in places above equator and winter in the places below equator. When the tilt is away from the sun we get winter in places above equator and summer in the places below equator. This tilt gives rises to seasons. The uttarayana is the point in orbit where the tilt is away from the Sun. It seems like the Sun is below celestial equator. Because the Earth is tilted 23.45. degrees the maximum latitude that we can apparently see in sky that the sun is moving north is 23.45. and minimum latitude that we can apparently see in sky that the sun is moving south is -23.45. When the sun hits -23.45. in latitude it.s the point in sky we call it winter solstice. Hence Uttarayana is also the point on that day we will see shortest day on the earth and extreme cold weather. As earth continues to circle around the Sun we see the latitudes of the sun gradually increasing towards north this continues till we hit the point where the tilt of the earth is very close to sun….. longest day on the earth and from that point days will become short. This point is also called as Dakshinayana. There are two types of zodiac: Fixed and Tropical. Every year while circling around the sun the earth slides a little as earth wobbles while circling around the Sun. When you extend the north pole to celestial north pole it currently points to north star after few thousands years it will point to different star. This creates a problem. Twice a year the tilt is either away or facing towards the sun. This points are called equinoxes. This is also a point where celestial equator and ecliptic intersect. The first point is called vernal equinox and as per the tropical zodiac it is the starting point of zodiac but as earth wobbles this point shifts and giving rise to ayanamsha. The ayanamsha is observed with the reference to some fix distant stars. At some point in the history the tropical zodiac was properly aligned to the a star 180 degrees opposite to spica, chitra nakshatra, which is the starting point of sidereal zodiac — fixed zodiac or the zero degrees of aries. Every year the vernal equinox slides by 50 seconds as the earth wobbles.

      There is a common misconception that Makar Sankranti is the Uttarayana. This is because at one point in time Sayana, sayana zodiac start with vernal equinox or 0 degrees of aries, and Nirayana Zodiac, nirayanna zodiac or fixed zodiac starts with some fixed starting point that is 0 degrees of star ashwini or 180 degrees opposite of star chitra, were same. Every year equinoxes slides by 50 seconds due to precision of equinoxes, giving birth to Ayanamsha and causing Makar Sankranti to slide further. As a result if you think Makar Sankranti is uttarayana, its not and only in 9000 years ill it be. Makar Samkranti, however, still holds importance in Hindu rituals as a Sankranti. January 14th isn’t Uttarayana.

      Uttarayana / Dakshinayana: The season occurs based on tropical sun without ayanamsha. This is due to earth’s tilt of 23.45 degrees. The earth circles around sun with this tilt. When the tilt is facing the Sun we get summer and when the tilt is away from the Sun we get winter. Because of this tilt it seems like the Sun travels north and south of the equator. This apparent motion of the sun moving up and down in latitude is called Uttarayana – Dakshinayana is apparent motion of the sun is moving towards South in latitudes. This motion of the sun moving towards the north is called Uttarayana. When it is moving towards the south it is called Dakshinayana. This causes rise to seaons. They are dependent on equinoxes and solstices. Hence Actual Uttarayana occurs on December 21st/22nd of every year. Winter solstice is beginning of Uttarayana and Summer Solstice is beginning of dakshinayana. Vernal equinox is beginning of the sayana zodiac that is 0 degrees of Aries. From that every year we apply ayanamsha to arrive at nirayana zodiac with reference to some fix star after sliding of vernal equinox — 0 degree of Aries.

      Beginning of 1000, the sun used to enter makara on December 31st. Beginning of 1500 the Sun used to enter makara on January 8th, 1800 the Sun used to enter makara on January 11th. Now its around January 14th and 15th. Every year it slides more. The sun’s entering into sayana makara is around December 21st/22nd, also from that time sun apparently seem to move upwards in latitudes. This takes roughly long time to slide a month and hence it became common practise to ignore the actual siddhanta but to stick to nirayana sun for uttarayana. Actual ayana gati is never sidereal its always tropical. Taking it sidereal is wrong to determine seasons and uttaraya/dakshinayana. Indian Vedic Calendar/panchanga is combination of Sayana and Nirayana systems. For all other calculations nirayana positions of luminaries are used but for seasons and ayana only sayana surya is used. Hence Actual Uttarayana is December 21st/22nd.

    • This is a very fundamental understanding that is the basis of what exercise is.
      As i have stated in many of the posts, this shows the lack of understanding of ayurveda as well as yogaasana from the fundamental level. Anything beyond one’s capacity, which is shows by those signs, is excessive exercise and will only disturb prana and the doshas as well as create disease. Western exercise is based off of principles that cannot be used in yogaasana or ayurveda…. it is opposite in almost every way.

      • But if i am not wrong vyayam is also part of our culture ?
        Now vyayam is not asana. Like what the west calls hindu pushups is vyayam done by indian wrestlers, who take ayurveda in consideration

      • Exercise is just exercise. We are just talking about exertion. It doesn’t matter what kind of exertion. The fundamentals of what that is goes across the board. Physical effort that maintains the health of the body.
        Asana is a form of vyayam when it is the cultural stuff that we have made it. It’s basis is only only in prana, not rules and regulations set by Western exercise. No calories to burn exist in any vyayam. Wrong thinking wrong concept wrong paradigm. That is all about losing weight of the intake. Completely wrong. The concept of vyayam is only about understanding the effort capacity. You go over that, you destroy your body and health and mind.

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