What is yoga really? pt 1.
Panini, the infamous sanskrit grammarian, made the distinction of the root yuj meaning meditative concentration (yuj samadhau) from the root yujir meaning connecting or yoking (yujir yoge).
Another deeper distinction is made in Vacaspati’s Tattva Vai´sharadı, the word “yoga” is derived from the root yuj, to contemplate, and not from the root yujir, in which latter case it would mean conjunction”.
Yoga Bhasya says that practice of the limbs of Yoga destroys unreal cognition and leads to discriminative knowledge. Yoga Bhasya 1.28.
Discriminative knowledge, which distinguishes between materiality and Self nature as consciousness, is essential for liberation. Discriminative knowledge is a higher form of knowledge than ordinary discursive knowledge. Transcending the human condition and appropriating another way of being.
Misery, according to the Yoga sutras is to be prevented
-Yoga Sutra 2.16.
The cause of misery is the conjunction of the Seer and the Seen
-Yoga Sutra 2.17.
Seer or drashtr, drsh “to see” and “Seen” designate the two forms of primordial Being, purusha or consciousness, the true Self, and prakrti or materiality, the experienceable world, including one’s own bodymind. Prakrti exists for the sake of purusha; their conjunction serves the purusha’s recognition of the Self natures of the two powers.
-Yoga Sutra 2.23
Their conjunction ends when it has caused “knowledge of nature of the knower,” which is ultimate spiritual freedom
-Yoga Bhasya 2.23.
This liberation, called kaivalya, is achieved with the individual purusha’s recognition of its Self nature as consciousness, wholly independent of prakrti and all its material evolutes, including the human mind and body, and everything else in the manifest universe.
Ignorance is the source of bondage, liberation requires right knowledge. The importance of knowledge is not limited to problems of epistemology, for in Yoga, knowledge, higher or discriminative knowledge, is itself the remedy for the human condition. Correct judgment which is the production of right knowledge, and incorrect judgment which is the product of wrong knowledge, along with the other mental processes or vrttis, literally turnings is vrt….to turn, are to be stopped by a series of preliminary and meditative practices.
-Yoga Sutra 1.2
Nirodha, the stopping of those vrttis root word rudh or to stop, to obstruct embodies Yoga.
In nirodha, the Seer is established in its own essential and fundamental nature
-Yoga Sutra 1.3
When not in Self, the Seer identifies only as the vrttis
-Yoga Sutra 1.4
Purusha’s knowing is by means of being reflected in buddhi, the intellect, but then mistaking the buddhi for itself