Once again your being duped. Real ghee, It is NOT what you are buying in the store.

Ghee
With the growth of ayurveda, ghee is getting more and more popular these days. Lets look at ghee and milk and how it is made to see what “real” ghee is as well as learn bigger concepts of ayurveda.

In the “americanized” version of what is being called ayurveda, what they are calling ghee is only clarified butter. You take a stick of butter, throw it in a pan, cook out the water and the milk solids and wallah, you have what “they” are calling ghee. This is how it is even written in the Western Ayurveda books as well as what you would learn going to any Western Ayurveda school. This “ghee” is then found in the refrigerator in the dairy section at most whole foods and other stores now.

This is not ghee my friends. It is only clarified butter. Not at all the same thing. It will not have the same properties of ghee and will not have the effects on the body as it is missing essential qualities that are created in the correct process of making it. Real ghee is made from cultured butter. Let’s look at what is the difference and why.

Milk and qualities (gunas)
We need to start from the beginning of the process to realize the depth of why inherent properties of substances are and then why those qualities change. This is what real ayurveda is truly about.

Regular butter is usually made from cow milk. Cows milk is especially sweet (earth and water elements) so it is heavy and hard to digest. After digestion it creates a little moisture in the channels (srotas), the doshas, in the formation of tissues (dhatus) and also in the waste products of excretion (malas). Its energy (virya or over all potency of hot or cold) is cold. It mitigates diseases of vata and pitta.

Cows milk is further broken down into it’s traits dependent upon other factors. The color of the cow: Black cows milk is superior in qualities and mitigates vata. Yellow cows milk is mitigates pitta and vata. White cows milk is increasing to kapha and Red and varied colors cow’s milk mitigates vata.

The land a cow is raised in effects the qualities of the milk as well. A marshy land creates a cow’s milk that is harder to digest and is even more unctuous (oily and greasy). An arid and drier climate will produce a milk that is lighter and easier to digest in comparison and have less of those qualities of the marshy land raised cow’s milk.

The food a cow intakes will have an effect of the milk as well, obviously. Now we are starting to see the depth of the whole picture.

Other animals milk such as water buffalo, goat, deer, mare, camel, elephant and woman’s milk is all expounded upon in the ayurvedic texts, each with its own qualities then also the sub qualities like the examples used in the above paragraph and more delineation.

Other changes in qualities are the processes done to the milk ie. fresh from the utter that is warm or cold, raw milk vs cooking the milk and the varieties of cooking to the milk. Raw milk that is cold increases moisture inside the channels (srotas) and increases kapha (earth and water elements) as well as increases ama (undigested toxic morbid metabolic waste) in the system. Flash boiling the milk makes it easier to digest as well as mitigates kapha and vata whereas boiled and cooked milk mitigates pitta. When milk is over cooked or burned it is once again heavy for digestion.

Oh my, there is even more details. When the cow is milked has an effect on the milk as well. Milk drawn in the AM is heavier and harder for digestion whereas milk drawn in the PM is lighter and easier to digest.

The best milk is when it is warm straight from the utter of the cow and just incase you really wanted to know… woman’s milk is not cooked.🙂

Yogurt and action (karma)
Real ghee is made from yogurt. Yogurt is sour and the sour taste is the earth and fire elements. The taste of sour has an oily and hot quality and has a post digestive effect on the tissues that creates more excretion and facilitates processes of the system. You can see this in the fire component of the elements and how fire is a transformative element. Sour is good for digestion, the heart, increases appetite and increases moistures in the system after digestion. As per its effects on the doshas (the humours or buffers of the system that go out of balance and create disease), it reduces vata (air and ether elements), raises pitta (fire and water elements) and raises kapha (water and earth elements). (more description of the doshas in another blog.) Yogurt itself is extremely nourishing to the body but has a thick slimy quality that can easily clog the system. Remember every thing is poison and everything is medicine dependent upon the knowledge of the person and the use of the substance. Even the most incredible medicine is poison when made/handled/consumed wrong.

Yogurt that is bought in the stores is extremely sour and old. The older the yogurt the more sour it gets. Fresh yogurt has a sweet taste to it and very unctuous in comparison and doesn’t taste anything like the store bought brands. Fresh yogurt has much different qualities and is the ideal yogurt to be using. The yogurt that sits in a refrigerator after being made becomes more sour everyday. This is the qualities changing with time. The refrigeration creates a cold quality that make the yogurt even more difficult to digest.

Buttermilk and action (karma)
Here is more the bigger picture concepts. By putting action into a substance you can change the traits of that substance but it will keep its base quality. We take yogurt and churn it with water. After churning for some time, the oil becomes thicker and finally clumps together in what we know as cultured butter. By the way, what we have done by churning the yogurt in water is create what is known as buttermilk or takra. (can be found on another post on this blog)

The action of the churning creates more lightness and heating qualities to the yogurt and adds the quality of astringent taste to the butter as well. Astringent taste has the elements of earth and air and adds a rough and dry quality. This is why takra has a constipating quality (grahi) or how it pulls the moisture out of the fecal matter and brings it together.

Cultured butter
Cultured butter is made from yogurt and has the qualities of the fermentation (fire). This action lightens up the butter and this is the process that defines what “ghee” is. The fire element creates a digestive quality to the butter. Fire is transformative and light in quality and this remains in the butter. This butter has a light taste, is more sour in taste and is so much better for digestion and easier to digest than regular butter. You can see how the qualities of the yogurt have now been introduced into the butter.

Making Ghee
Now that you have the understanding, here is the process:

Step 1: Making Yogurt from Cream:
This step is good to start the evening before you plan to make ghee. Start with fresh, organic cream.
Two or three pints of heavy whipping cream should make enough ghee for a family of three or four people for a week.
The first step is to heat the cream. Use a large pot, with high sides to prevent the cream from boiling over.
As soon as the cream begins to boils, remove it from the heat to cool.
When it is luke-warm, or wrist-temperature (body temperature), mix in some plain yogurt that you have bought from the store to the cream. This yogurt will be the culture starter.
Put all of them in the oven to sit overnight. You can also use a large glass or metal bowl instead of small glasses, if you prefer.
Don’t turn the oven on, but turn the light on if it is an electric oven.
OR
Step 1.5: 2nd Version of getting the cream
In India, milk is not anything like what it is in America. There are not refrigerators everywhere. Think about this. It is stored differently. You can get the milk either delivered to you in a metal container daily or bought in a small liter package first thing in the morning from the corner where the milk guy comes to sell at 5 AM unless one has their own cow. The milk is then brought to a boil. It is then set aside or kept on a very low heat. Cream accumulates on the top after time. This cream is skimmed off and collected. It is placed with yogurt and left to culture. Then the rest of this post is followed to make the butter into ghee….
Step 2: Making Cultured Butter:
When you get up in the morning, remove the cream that you have added the yogurt to from the oven.
Put all the jars or your large bowl of yogurt cream in the refrigerator for one and a half to 30 minutes. The temperature of the yogurt will make a difference when you are churning the butter. About 60 degrees is where the butter churns from the cream but the cream has to be churned for a while before this will happen.
If the temperature of the cream yogurt is too warm, the butter will be very soft and it can be difficult to separate the buttermilk from the butter. It will instead homogenize the butter into the cream. Not good. It still can be saved but it is better to just not get to this point.
If the temperature is too cold (if you leave it in the refrigerator for many hours) the fat molecules will be very solid and won’t stick to each other very well when you churn.
When the yogurt is at the ideal temperature, the churning should be complete in 5 to 20 minutes.
First the cream will whip, as you keep whipping, it will start turning a more yellow color. This is the butter starting to emerge.
At the end, the butter will separate completely from the buttermilk and will start sloshing around in the bowl.
When the butter and the buttermilk (takra) have completely separated, stop the mixer, clean the paddle and use a heavy duty wooden or other spatula to push the butter into a large mass.
(something to note here… the little subtle things are so important. Ex. by churning the cream with different instruments, it produces a different product. Too fast and it doesn’t produce properly.
or
Step 2.2 2nd Version of getting butter for ghee
This is actually the only real classical way of making ghee. When you make buttermilk or what is known as takra on this blog, you skim off the butter that is made from the churning. This is then melted down and the butter cooked out as following the rest of this article. The amount created from this is much much less unless you are getting your milk fresh from a cow and making yogurt from it etc etc…

Step 3: Making Ghee:

Put the butter into a pot and heat on low heat until all the water has boiled off and the milk protein has cooked out of the oil to the bottom of the pan.
Slow heat is better than fast heat because the milk solids tend to stick to the bottom of the pan and can easily burn. You don’t want this as it makes a very low quality of ghee but the Western Ayurveda practitioners call it nutty ghee and say it is better because of the taste. Fact is that there are also catagories of ghee expounded upon in the ancient texts. You just have to read those to know about them. The nutty ghee they like so much is only used for bastis.
The bubbling will change speed and change in the song of the bubbling. This is one indicator that it is done.
You will notice that the ghee is now clear (which is why it is called clarified butter). If you stick a spoon into the ghee, you can see the bottom of it clearly. The color should be a rich golden color.

Be careful at this stage because it is very easy to burn the ghee. Basically, all of the water has boiled off at this stage and the heat from the stove no longer is being used to evaporate the water (which takes a lot of energy) and maintains the temperature at 100° C or 212° F.

Once the water has all evaporated, the temperature begins to climb extremely rapid because all of the heat from the burner goes to increase the temperature instead of evaporating the water.
Keep the stove on the lowest possible setting at this point and watch it like a hawk.
After cooling a bit, transfer the ghee to another pot or glass jar (it needs to let it cool a bit to avoid breaking the glass).
Use a clean cheesecloth (non-bleached, organic cotton is best) to filter the ghee from the milk solids. Coffee filters can be used. So can a really fine sieve.
Fresh ghee made with this method described here and prescribed by the shastras should be golden in color and deliciously nutty in aroma. There should not be a burned smell either. There is a variety of ghee due to how long it has been cooked. The best for consumption in general is the first stage of the cooked process where the solids have cooked out but not cooked or browned on the bottom of the pot.

A last note on qualities. Ghee is never refrigerated. It does not go bad unless the moisture is not completely cooked out of it (oils do not go rancid for this same reason. this is a problem in the modern world with the popular desire to use raw oils and then blaming rancidity on all oils). In fact, 100 year old ghee is extremely medicinal and touted in the texts for its usage. Ghee that is refrigerated takes on the qualities of the refrigerator. DO NOT REFRIGERATE GHEE! Cold, dry and heavy are the main qualities that are created by refrigeration. This remains in the substance refrigerated and does not cook out. For an example, take some ghee that you have freshly made, pour some of it into two jars. Place one in the refrigerator and the other leave at room temperature. After a day or two take the ghee out of the refrigerator and place it next to the other jar of ghee. Give it a week, then inspect them, taste them yourself. Experience real Ayurveda yourself. The ghee that has been refrigerated has different qualities. It will remain more solid at the same temperatures, it will be harder for digestion and it will taste very different. Try it. This is the best way to learn, experientially. There is much much more to all of this as well, this is but the start.

Through this process of understanding what makes real ghee we have also seen a big part of real Ayurveda is……. qualities and actions. Ayurvedic dietetics is to be able to see what are the qualities and the actions of all substances and then the individual; who are they and what is their individual situation of health. This is all on the giant background of what is happening in the time, environment, and the seasons. This is why what is medicine to one is poison to another. This is also why ayurveda is much more detailed and beautiful than Vata, Pitta and Kapha diet plans.

I hope you have enjoyed this journey, hope it has left you at a much deeper and higher state of confusion which only means you are learning and growing. The process of learning the details is such a beautiful journey of insight. May patients be your virtue, May your ghee be golden and your digestion be strong.  :)

 

And here is your Western researched proof as well….

we have scientific research showing the difference with traditionally made ghee….
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4061595/
No, what you have told by your Ayurveda teacher or practitioner about melting down a stick of butter, its only show the level of education they have.

 

And just a little add on…
There is a plethora of Americanized “ghee” on the market. None have been prepared out of anything rather than just butter leaving them only as clarified butter, not real ghee. Doesn’t even matter if you play a recording of mantras while it is being made on a full moon, it still is not ghee. It is better to know and follow the correct methods than market something that is not adding woo woo spirituality to make sales.

 

References:
Bhavapraksha of Bhavamishra
Charaka Samhita

 

Other links to articles of ghee on this site:

https://trueayurveda.wordpress.com/2012/09/15/ghee/
https://trueayurveda.wordpress.com/2012/02/08/real-ghee-real-qualities-real-effects/
https://trueayurveda.wordpress.com/2014/10/10/once-again-real-ghee-it-is-not-what-you-are-buying-in-the-store/

2 thoughts on “Once again your being duped. Real ghee, It is NOT what you are buying in the store.

  1. I stay in Singapore and chance google search on Triphala brought us to your website. We are quite blown away by your depth of knowledge. As Indians we assume that our knowledge of traditional medicine is ingrained and after reading your posts we are humbled. Thank you so much for such well informed and detailed posts. Vasundhara

    • Thank you for your comment. Appreciated. I hardly know anything truly. I am greatly humbled next to my teacher. I have only my teacher to thank for what i have learned and understand.
      Thank you again, Vasundhara.

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