Ayurveda

“There are twelve months in the year, and these twelve breathings in man, and these (two) now are one and the same; – there are thirteen months in the (leap-) year,and these thirteen (channels of) breathings in man, the navel being the thirteenth, and these (two) now are one and the same” and “there are three hundred and sixty nights in the year, and three hundred and sixty bones in man, and these (two) now are one and the same;–there are three hundred and sixty days in the year, and three hundred and sixty parts of marrow in man, and these (two) now are one and the same.” (Eggeling,1900, SBE44, p.168)

 

 

“And there are ten thousand and eight hundred ‘muhūrta’ in the year; and fifteen times as many ‘kshipras’ as there are ‘muhūrta’; and fifteen times as many ‘etarhi’ asthere are ‘kshipra;’ and fifteen times as many ‘idāni’ as there are ‘etarhi’; and fifteen times as many breathings as there are ‘idāni’; and as many spirations as there are breathings; and as many twinklings of the eye as there are spirations, and as many hair-pits as there are twinklings of the eye, and as many sweat-pores as there are hair-pits; and as many sweat-pores as there are so many drops it rains.” (Eggeling, 1900, V, 3.2.12:3:2:55)

 

 

 

The renaissance of āyurveda since about the middle of the nineteenth century…in the competitive struggle with Western medicine…led to the construction of an unitary and coherent model of Indian medicine, weaned from inconsistencies and untenable concepts, and, particularly, as free from magical and religious elements as possible. The ancient terms for physiological and pathophysiological processes, nosological entities, etc., were diligently re-interpreted to bring them into line with terms derived from Western medicine. These procedures resulted in the appearance of a type of  āyurveda that can best be designated as navy āyurveda or neo-āyurveda.” (Meulenbeld,1999, IA, p.2)

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