What is health?
It is total equilibrium where the sensory, mental, emotional and spiritual elements are harmoniously balanced.Health is not only attainment of physical well being but also mental and spiritual happiness, then only is a person considered as completely healthy. Along with the Tridoshas (the three imbalances or humours), Ayurveda also explains Trigunas (Satva, Raja and Tama) and two Manasic Doshas (imbalances of the mind) viz. Rajas and Tamas. There are three main cause for the disease ie –
Asatmendriyaartha samyoga (Not using the five sense organs in the beneficial way), Prajnaparadha (crimes against wisdom)
Parinama/ Kala (time).
The Atiyoga (excessive utility), Ayoga (under utility) and Mithyayoga (improper utility) of these three factors are the main cause for all the diseases whereas their Samyakyoga (beneficial use) leads to health.
The first one is directly related to the Indriyas/Sense organs. Prajnaparadha is directly related to the mind and spirituality. Ayurveda clearly explains the bad deeds of Mana/mind, Kaya/body and Vak/speech are come under Prajnaparadha and should not be done in any condition. The treatment for this is considered as Dhi vijnana, Driti vijnana and Atmadi Vijnana – Self understanding or spiritual healing. The mental health is a state of mental, intellectual and spiritual well being. Among the three kind of mental constitution, Sattva prakruti (true or pure) is the best one as it is Laghu (light), Prakashaka (illuminated) etc. This is achieved only when we follow proper diet, dietetics, good conducts and behaviors. (just to say it, following a Western diet or a Western yogi diet that is just a made up combining of raw foods, juicing, incompatible foods, etc etc is not this)
Ayurveda seeks to remove the root causes of illness and disease in a holistic way. Its focus is on prevention through beneficial diet, exercise, meditation and cultivation of the beneficial attitude, knowledge, discipline and conduct. In this regard we find the explanation of Dinacharya (daily regimen), Ritucharya (seasonal regimen), Sadvritta (beneficial measures of conduct), Swasthavritta (preventive and promotive measures), Achara rasayana (disciplines to promote health), Ahara vidhi vidhana (beneficial rules for intake) etc factors mentioned by the great sages of Ayurveda for attainment of Physical, Mental and Spiritual health.