According to Ayurveda, a living creature is composed of soul, mind, and body. The central philosophy is that the mind and body are one and the same, and that physical health can’t be achieved without emotional, mental and spiritual health. Both are interrelated. Ayurveda offers a system of natural healing that is very complete both in terms of its treatments and also in its understanding of the human being. It offers a vision of healing for curing disease, for preventative health and ultimately for spiritual liberation.
The Yogis and Siddhas paid equal attention to the bodily existence while one is alive and also the disembodied existence after one dies. The ultimate goal of Ayurveda is too get Moksha. For this purpose it mainly concentrates to attain a complete physical, mental and spiritual health. Sushruta (one of the 3 main texts of Ayurveda’s author) defines healthy person as Swastha – a state of total equilibrium where the sensory, mental, emotional and spiritual elements are harmoniously balanced. Health is not only attainment of physical well being but also mental and spiritual happiness, then only is a person considered as completely healthy. Along with the Tridoshas (the three imbalances or humours), Ayurveda also explains Trigunas (Satva, Raja and Tama) and two Manasic Doshas (imbalances of the mind) viz. Rajas and Tamas.
There are three main cause for the disease ie – Asatmendriyaartha samyoga (Not using the five sense organs in the beneficial way), Prajnaparadha (crimes against wisdom) and Parinama/ Kala (time). The Atiyoga (excessive utility), Ayoga (under utility) and Mithyayoga (improper utility) of these three factors are the main cause for all the diseases where as their Samyakyoga (beneficial use) leads to health. The first one is directly related to the Indriyas/Sense organs. Prajnaparadha is directly related to the mind and spirituality. Ayurveda clearly explains the bad deeds of Mana/mind, Kaya/body and Vak/speech are come under Prajnaparadha and should not be done in any condition.The treatment for this is considered as Dhi vijnana, Driti vijnana and Atmadi Vijnana– Self understanding or spiritual healing. The mental health is a state of mental, intellectual and spiritual well being. Among the three kind of mental constitution, Sattva prakruti (true or pure) is the best one as it is Laghu (light), Prakashaka (illuminated) etc.This is achieved only when we follow proper diet, dietetics, good conducts and behaviors. Ayurveda seeks to remove the root causes of illness and disease in a holistic way. Its focus is on prevention through beneficial diet, exercise, meditation and cultivation of the beneficial attitude, knowledge, discipline and conduct. In this regard we find the explanation of Dinacharya (daily regime), Rutucharya (seasonal regime), Sadvritta (beneficial measures of conduct), Swasthavrutta (preventive and promotive measures), Achara rasayana (disciplines to promote health), Ahara vidhi vidhana (beneficial rules for intake) etc factors mentioned by the great sages of Ayurveda for attainment of Physical, Mental and Spiritual health.
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