Prayer to the Sun

XI, 5. Glorification of the sun, or the primeval principle, as a Brahman

From The Artharva Veda

1. The Brahmakârin (Brahmanical disciple) moves inciting both hemispheres of the world; in him the gods
are harmonised. He holds the heavens and the earth, he fills the teacher with creative fervour (tapas).
2. The fathers, the divine folk, and all the gods severally follow the Brahmakârin; the Gandharvas did go after
him, six thousand three hundred and thirty−three. He fills all the gods with creative fervour.
3. When the teacher receives the Brahmakârin as a disciple, he places him as a foetus inside (of his body). He
carries him for three nights in his belly: when he is born the gods gather about to see him.
4. This earth is (his first) piece of firewood, the heaven the second, and the atmosphere also he fills with (the
third) piece of firewood. The Brahmakârin. fills the worlds with his firewood, his girdle, his asceticism, and
his creative fervour.
5. Prior to the brahma (spiritual exaltation) the Brahmakârin was born; clothed in heat, by creative fervour he
arose. From him sprung the brâhmanam (Brahmanic life) and the highest brahma, and all the gods together
with immortality (amrita).


6. The Brahmakârin advances, kindled by the firewood, clothed in the skin of the black antelope, consecrated,
with long beard. Within the day he passes from the eastern to the northern sea; gathering together the worlds
he repeatedly shapes them.
7. The Brahmakârin, begetting the brahma, the waters, the world, Pragâpati Parameshthin (he that stands in
the hiahest place), and Virâg, having become an embryo in the womb of immortality, having forsooth,
become Indra, pierced the Asuras.
8. The teacher fashioned these two hern spheres of the world, the broad and the deep, earth and heaven. These
the Brahmakârin guards with his creative fervour (tapas): in him the gods are harmonised.
9. This broad earth and the heaven the Brahmakârin first brought hither as alms. Having made these into two
sticks of firewood he reveres them upon them all beings have been founded.
10. One is on the hither side, the other on the farther side of the back of the heavens; secretly are deposited
the two receptacles of the brâhmanam (Brahmanic life). These the Brahmakârin protects by his tapas
(creative fervour); understandingly he performs that brahma (spiritual exaltation) solely.
11. One on the hither side, the other away from the earth, do the two Agnis come together between these two
hemispheres (of the world). To them adhere the rays firmly; the Brahmakârin by his tapas (creative fervour)
enters into the (rays).
12. Shouting forth, thundering, red, white he carries a great penis along the earth. The Brahmakârin sprinkles
seed upon the back of the earth; through it the four directions live.


13. Into fire, the sun, the moon, Mâtarisvan (wind), and the waters, the Brahmakârin places the firewood; the
lights from these severally go into the clouds, from them come sacrificial butter, the purusha (primeval man),
rain, and water.
14. Death is the teacher, (and) Varuna, Soma, the plants, milk; the clouds were the warriors: by these this
light has been brought hither.
15. Varuna, having become the teacher, at home prepares the ghee solely. Whatever he desired from
Pragâpati, that the Brahmakârin furnished, as Mitra (a friend) from his own Atman (spirit, or person).
16. The Brahmakârin is the teacher, the Brahmakârin Pragâpati. Pragâpati rules (shines forth, vi râgati); Virâg
(heavenly power, or light) became Indra, the ruler.
17. Through holy disciplehood. (brahmakâryam), through tapas (creative fervour), the king protects his
kingdom. The teacher by (his own) brahmakâryam (holy life) seeks (finds) the Brahmakârin.
18. Through holy disciplehood the maiden obtains a young husband, through holy disciplehood the steer, the
horse seeks to obtain fodder.
19. Through holy disciplehood, through creative fervour, the gods drove away death. Indrajorsooth, by his
holy disciplehood brought the light to the gods.
20. The plants, that which was and shall be, day and night, the tree, the year along with the seasons, have
sprung from the Brahmakârin.
21. The earthly and the heavenly animals, the wild and the domestic, the wingless and the winged (animals),
have sprung from the Brahmakârin.
22. All the creatures of Pragâpati (the creator) severally carry breath in their souls. All these the brahma,
which has been brought hither in the Brahmakârin, protects.
23. This, that was set into motion by the gods, that is insurmountable, that moves shining, from it has sprung
the brâhmanam (Brahmanical life), the highest brahma, and all the gods, together with immortality (amrita).
24, 25. The Brahmakârin carries the shining brahma: into this all the gods are woven. Producing in−breathing
and out−breathing, as well as through−breathing; speech, mind, heart, brahma, and wisdom, do thou furnish
us with sight, hearing, glory, food, semen, blood, and belly!
26. These things the Brahmakârin fashioned upon the back of the (heavenly) water. He stood in the sea
kindled with tapas (creative fervour). He, when he has bathed, shines vigorously upon the earth, brown and


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