By Sivaram Prasad
It is all accepted fact that the Charaka Samhita is the oldest Medical recordings
in Indian Heritage. The question is how old is it? The historians date it as the very
recent and of 2000 year old. But the fact is bitter for them. The Charaka (Agnivesha),
when he records his first words of testimonials, states that the first ever meeting of
the health seekers / workers took place at Himalayan province with the participation of
sages from all over world. He narrated the Charaka in the form of conversations of the
participants and statements. One of such conversational statement returns us to the
dates of Ayurveda development in Human Interface. Till that time only the “Devata” are
known with this Medical Measures and the Human is not aware. This is clear as the
“Bharadwaja” went to Indra (deity), as the solemnly representative of the entire Human
race to learn the Ayurveda, the Health science.
Propagation of Ayurveda in Human
The propagation of Ayurveda in human races are said to be at the early days of
“Tretayuga” i.e. approximately 14000 years back. To have authenticity of this we refer
the sentences used in Janapadodhwansa chapter as “bhrishyati Kritayuge”. It states
that, long back in kritayuga the diseases spread extensively and killed the huge human
population. Later on such incidents are not occurred. There were no mentions of
Tretayuga, Dwaparayuga or even Kaliyuga, any where in the Charaka Samhita. With
this we understand that the era of human interface with Ayurveda first occurred in
Another word here used is the Human interface. Bharadwaja, who is the first
Human disciple of Indra, have no Prior Ayurveda learner from the human race. The
rest Dhanvantari (Divodasa) and others learned Ayurveda in due course from Indra
and Bharadwaja, Punarvasu, etc. The Indra of Veda times is a deity and later on it
became as a post by Purana times and who ever performs the 100 Yagnya has the
eligibility to become “Indra” like Nahusha. Is the initial “Indra” is an Extra terrestrial? Is
this Ayurveda descending from extra terrestrial or developed in Human knowledge?
Was it really happened 14000 years ago or even long enough?
o The age of the Earth is 4.54 ± 0.05 billion years (4.54 × 109 years ±
1%). This age is based on evidence from radiometric age dating of
meteorite material and is consistent with the ages of the oldest-known
terrestrial and lunar samples. Following the scientific revolution and the
development of radiometric age dating, measurements of lead in
uranium-rich minerals showed that some were in excess of a billion
years old .
o The Paleocene, lasted from 65.5 ± 0.3 Ma (ICS 2004) to 55.8 ± 0.2 Ma
(ICS 2004). In many ways, the Paleocene continued processes that had
begun during the late Cretaceous Period. During the Paleocene, the
continents continued to drift toward their present positions.
Supercontinent Laurasia had not yet separated into three continents –
Europe and Greenland were still connected North America and Asia were
still intermittently joined by a land bridge, while Greenland and North
America were beginning to separate .
o The Laramide orogeny of the late Cretaceous continued to uplift the
Rocky Mountains in the American west, which ended in the succeeding
epoch. South and North America remained separated by equatorial seas
(they joined during the Neogene); the components of the former southern
super-continent Gondwanaland continued to split apart, with Africa, South
America, Antarctica and Australia pulling away from each other. Africa
was heading north towards Europe, slowly closing the Tethys Ocean,
and India began its migration to Asia that would lead to a tectonic collision
and the formation of the Himalayas .
o During its long span of existence, Gondwana, through movements that
would have been imperceptibly slow to the unaided human senses,
merged with a northern hemispheric land mass, Laurasia, to form the
super-continent Pangaea, until the two masses gradually parted again.
That is, Gondwana existed both before the super-continent Pangaea
formed near the end of the Paleozoic era (roughly 350 to 260 million
years ago), and it remained together, with some changes, after Pangaea
broke up during the Triassic and Jurassic periods of the Mesozoic (with
this rifting beginning about 208 million years ago). Gondwana itself began
to break up in the mid to late Jurassic period about 150 million years ago
o The earliest phase of tectonic evolution was marked by the cooling and
solidification of the upper crust of the earth surface in the Archaean era
(prior to 2.5 billion years) which is represented by the exposure of
gneisses and granites especially on the Peninsula. These form the core
of the Indian craton. The Aravalli Range is the remnant of an early
Proterozoic orogen called the Aravali-Delhi orogen that joined the two
older segments that make up the Indian craton. It extends approximately
500 kilometres (311 mi) from its northern end to isolated hills and rocky
ridges into Haryana, ending near Delhi .
It is clear that the history of present India is long and started 140 million years
ago as “Jambudwipa” and float long time to join the present Russia to form Himalayan
range. The Indian time calculation used delineated measures like Kalpa, Manwantara,
Mahayuga, Yuga, etc. The present Kaliyuga 5114 years are part of one of such
Mahayuga and with its prior Krita, Treta and Dwapara. With the fixation of present set
yuga timeline, we are clear to say the Ayurveda is older then Ramayana. Historicity of
Ramayana and Mahabhart Eras are fixed in “Scientific Evidences from the depths of
Oceans to the Heights of the Skies” which was held in New Delhi on 14th March,
2012, by ISERVE. The venue is placed in R.K. Sadan of Kurukshetra University
Campus. Ramayana time is fixed by various aspects as 14000 years and even older.
They are as follows.
i) The astronomical references in Rigveda represent the sky view of
dates belonging to the period 8000 BC to 4000 BC and those mentioned in
Valmiki Ramayana refer to sky views seen sequentially on dates around
ii) The ecological references in ancient books, especially those relating
to melting of glaciers and fluctuations in water volumes of ancient rivers,
seem to corroborate such astronomical dates. Recent research reports
on paleoclimatic changes have revealed that, after the last ice age and in
the beginning of the Holocene, the glaciers first melted near the equator
i.e. in south India, and civilization started developing on the Banks of the
rivers which started flowing there. When populations multiplied, these river
waters became insufficient and some more adventurous people started
traveling from south to north. Such northward migration continued for
several centuries and finally when these people reached the banks of
Himalayan Rivers, they got climatic conditions conducive to long term
development of civilization on the banks of these rivers providing security
of water, food and shelter. This period starts from around 10000 BC and
covered Vedic and Ramayana eras.
iii) Remote Sensing pictures taken by ISRO, corroborated by geological
reports, have revealed that a mighty river system, referred to in Vedas and
Epics as Saraswati, was flowing with full majesty during Ramayana period
i.e. around 6000- 4000 BC. However this river system slowly started
drying up and almost disappeared around 3000 BC as in Mahabharat it is
stated to have disappeared near Vinasan in Rajasthan. These conclusions
have been supported by sedimentology, hydrogeology and drilling data.
These conclusions not only support the astronomical dates of Vedas and
Epics but also support such references in ancient books.
iv) The oceanographic reports on fluctuations of water levels in the
oceans have revealed that sea level was around 9 to 10 feet below the
present level Therefore Ram Sethu was a walkable bridge around 5000
BC therefore, it could be used as a land route from Rameshwaram to
Talaimannar in Ramayana era.
v) The paleobotanical research reports have revealed that certain
cultivated varieties of plants, trees and herbs, which are mentioned in
Vedas and Epics, have existed in India continuously for more than 8000
years. Remains of cultivated rice, wheat and barley have been found
belonging to 7000 BC; melon seeds, lemon leaf, pomegranate, coconut
and date palm etc relating to 4000 BC; lentils, millets and peas etc from
3000 BC; use of reetha, amla and shikakai for making shampoo since
2500 BC. These plants remained in use continuously indicating that there
was not any abrupt end of ancient Indian civilization as is normally being
taught in schools and colleges and that their references in Ramayana and
Mahabharat get corroborated scientifically.
vi) The latest archaeological excavations have revealed large volume
of new data which has proved the indigenous origin and development of
civilization in the Indian Subcontinent since 7000 BC. Some examples are:
Lahuradeva, Jhusi, Tokwa and Hetapatti in Ganga Valley in the east;
Mehrgarh, Kot Diji and Nausharo in Indus valley in the northwest; Lothal
and Dholavira in the west. The material testimonies of these excavations
have shown gradual cultural developments from the 7th-6th millennium BC
in the entire region of Indus-Saraswati-Ganga system for a period of
almost eight thousand years. Thus archaeology is also supporting the
astronomical, ecological and anthropological conclusions that Aryans
were originals of India, they have been creating and nurturing a
continuously developing civilization for last 10000 years and dispersal
probably happened the other way round.
vii) The anthropological research reports have established that DNA
dating for Paleolithic continuity starts from 60000 BC. The Genome
studies during the Holocene have revealed that the genetic profile of
humans settled in north, south, east and west of India is the same and has
remained the same for the last more than 11000 years. It is also
significant to note that the inhabitants of the Harappan civilization were not
a mysterious people of unknown biological origins, or migrants from
western/central Asia, but they were the indigenous people identified with
the pre/early Harappan cultures of northwestern region of the Indian
subcontinent. Therefore, contrary to the popular belief, the Dravidians as
well as north Indians have common ancestors and both are originals of
India, have common genetic profile and thus had common ancestors.
This corroborates the details of geneology charts prepared for Ramayana
Astrologically, another important landmark is the initiation of Medicine on
“Pushyami” star day. Pre Ramayana periods used to calculate the Zodiac from
Pushyami and it is said as the new year start. Today we fixed the Ashwini and Chaitra
as the New Year day and celebrate as “Yugadi”. Ayurveda even today practices
Pumsavana, etc, auspicious medicinal distribution on Pushyami star day.
With these we may have a conclusion that the Ayurveda is brought from a
Known (Devata / Extra terrestrials) source of those days (the Devata interferences are
recorded till Mahabharata period i.e. 5000 years ago and may be we lost the
connection now) and propagated among Human 14000 years ago, i.e. before to
Ramayana period for the welfare of human race.
2) J.J. Hooker, 2005, “Tertiary to Present: Paleocene,” in
Richard C. Selley, L. Robin McCocks, and Ian R. Plimer.
Encyclopedia of Geology, (Oxford, UK: Elsevier Limited.
ISBN 0126363803), 459-465