To understand  the process of Japa, understand different layers of the mind

Japa begins when the mantra becomes pure thought in the mind

Understanding the Mind

Mind – The subtlest energy field in the Universe

Mind is a shakti kshetra, a field of energy, an energy field like all other energy fields. Like electric energy field, magnetic energy field, there is a particular energy field called ‘the mind’. It is the subtlest energy field in the Universe and closest of the form of Prakriti, matter, to atman or purusha. Those who have studied Samkhya shastra and Samkhya philosophy will understand. Those who have read the Tattva Samasa Sutra and Yoga Sutra will understand.

Mind is the link between consciousness and the physical personality. It is the link between consciousness of Purusha, and prana and annamaya and all other forms of prakriti or matter. It is through the mind that one goes beyond annamaya, beyond pranamaya, through manas, buddhi, chitta, and ahamkara and then reaching Atman, or Purusha.

If you want to understand meditation, you need to understand the nature of mind, the nature of antarkarana, the inner instrument which consists of manas, active mind; buddhi, the faculty of wisdom, chitta, the entire consciousness mind  field in which also the samskaras, vasanas, karmashaya are located. Ahamkara, that by which we identify our being, that ‘I am this’ or ‘I am that’.

In order to understand meditation, it is absolutely necessary to understand the nature of the mind. What mind is, how mind functions and what we do with the mind through our kriyas, practices of meditation. Mind is a shakti kshetra, an energy field, which has the highest frequency vibration of all the energy fields in the Universe. Yadajiram, djavishtam; the most agile and speediest.

Now the next step in understanding. To understand the kriyas, the practices of meditation, it is essential that there is an understanding of the different levels, the different layers of the mind. Mind has no size and no form of its own, no fixed form of its own. It takes the form of whatever is presented to it by way of the senses or by way of samskaras and vasanas. Mind is vast and deep, like an ocean. The mind fills the entire Universe. Your mind is a wave in the mind-ocean of the Universe. Your mind is a wave in the vast ocean of the mind of the Universe.




Mind is a wave in the vast ocean of the mind of the Universe

Mind is many levels, many layers. At each level, at each layer, it operates and functions differently. At the surface level that you experience, it is active in the kshipta, mudha and vikshipta states. From there you have to rise or dive deep into the ekagra and nirodha states. At each level, each layer, the mind operates and functions differently. If you understand the mind, you understand all your impulses, all your desires, all your wishes, your dreams, your wakeful states, and sleep state. You will understand memory. And if you understand different layers, different levels of the energy field called the mind, you understand different kriyas, practices of meditation. Because the kriyas are in different layers and levels of the energy field of the mind. If you understand these layers and levels of the mind, you will understand how knowledge comes to you. Knowledge that you introduce from outside and the knowledge that comes to a yogi or a rishi from inside the chaitanya, from inside the consciousness.




Process of Japa

Relaxation of effort (Prayatna Shaithilya) is a MUST for Japa

1.Annamaya (physical), Pranamaya (organic), Manomaya (emotional/mental), Vijnanamaya (intellectual/discriminative), and Anandamaya (blissful) koshas (sheath) are all interlinked
2.States of annamaya and pranamaya are being fed into mind at all times
3.Any kind of tension – physical body or Prana (life force) body,  gets transmitted into the Mind
4.Learn prayatna shaithilya (Relaxation of effort ) to settle your Mind in your Japa.  Remember any jerk in breath jerks the Mind

You cannot understand the process of japa without understanding different layers of the mind. Many sadhakas, practitioners, are still doing their japa by moving the tongue. One of the purposes of khechari is to tuck the tongue away so that you are not doing the shallow japa of words of the mantra.
Your japa begins when your mantra becomes pure thought in the mind. Understand that your annamaya kosha, pranamaya kosha, manomaya kosha, vijnanamaya kosha, anandamaya kosha are all interlinked the states of your annamaya and pranamaya (physical body and prana body) the states of these are all the time being fed into your mind, so that if your body, neuromusculature, nerves and muscles, are tense, they are sending tension messages into the mind.  Mind is becoming tense and mind is then travelling to all different areas of thoughts, memories, and experiences.

Part of the reason that your mind does not settle in your japa is only because prayatna shaithilya (relaxation of effort) has been learned or embodied yet. Your body is still tense. As a result of the tension in the body and your breath is jerky, which experience of jerkiness of the breath is also fed back into the mind and the mind becomes jerky and travels around in jerks, all over the world, just jerks.

Breath is to be long, subtle, without interruption & pause
One mantra, one breath.

To do one mala of a Mantra in shorter time

“This is only the beginning of Japa”

1.learn to relax muscles and nerves

2.Slow your breath and make it dirgha (long), sukshma (subtle), nairantarya (continuous) and without virama (pause)
3.Let Mantra thought come like a wave and become pure thought in the mind

So for japa, this relaxation of effort is important. A smooth, gentle flow of the breath is important. For which you have to train yourself. Train yourself to abhyasa, abhyasa, abhyasa. If not, the japa remains at a shallow level. Some people take to do 45 minutes to do one mala of Gayatri.

This, taking the time, has nothing to do with moving your tongue fast or slow, because you have already your tongue away in khechari mudra.




To deepen your Japa

Increase the duration of Mantra
1.Let the mantra not turn into words on the tongue
2.Let the mantra not be interrupted by other thoughts
Understand the Mind – Nature, Layers and Levels

How long can you keep that mantra thought coming like a wave, wave, wave of the same mantra thought, without other thoughts interrupting.

The mind is an energy field with many layers, like the waves of the electric current. Your thoughts are one form, your thoughts including mantra thought, are one form of the wave of the electric energy field of the mind. The word ‘electric’ here is used only as an example, as an analogy. It can be an example of magnetic field or electronic field. Mind is not electricity, mind is not magnetic field, and mind is not electronic field. Mind is a different kind of field, separate from all of these.

This mind field has many levels, many layers. Deep like a universal ocean. Let that sink into your understanding.  At each layer of the mind the Spandanam is higher frequency




Journey in Japa

– Doing the Japa at the shallow layer of Mind as a conscious thought

– As Mind’s vibrations become more ajiram (agile, free of decay) and javishtham (speediest, most high frequency), the brain waves slow down

– At each deeper layer the Mantra becomes a faster vibration; a high frequency

What does it mean for the japa to go deep? It means that you are first doing the japa at the shallow layer of the mind, as a conscious thought. As a start of the japa practice, you are doing your japa at a shallow level of the conscious mind. Let me explain next principle, about the nature of the mind.

As the mind’s vibration becomes more and more adjiram and javishtham, more and more agile and higher frequency, the brain waves slow down.


Practical lesson

– Bring your attention to yourself, your asana, your posture, your back,  all in perfect order
– Relax all parts of your body
– Bring your mind’s attention to your breathing, observe your breath and establish diaphragmatic breathing
– Feel the flow of breaths in your nostrils
– Establish khechari mudra, the tongue lock with your mantra
– Continue to feel the slow, smooth, gentle breaths, without a break, sound, jerk in your nostrils
– Let there be no break in the flow of your mantra thought, with your breaths
– Merge your left and right nostril-breaths into the sushumna stream
– Let the mantra continue, feeling the stream of energy on the sushumna path from the nasagra

3 thoughts on “Japa

  1. Hi Brad, a kind question: “Keeping the mantra in the mind, by usual procedure, open your eyes” This statement is repeatedly used above. It means I had to close them at some point, but could you tell me explicitely when? Thanks!

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