Takra in Ayurveda: Buttermilk recipes
Oh sovereign, savor the sweet buttermilk that resembles the moon, jasmine and conch shells by its hue, and is churned out of soft hands of a maiden. It is dressed with ghee, rock salt, and asefotida and by virtues destroys all maladies.
One should add an eight quantity of water to buttermilk and mix rock salt, fried cumin, and the powder of burnt dry ginger to it.
Buttermilk alleviates Vata, Kapha, and Pitta, enhances appetite, stimulates the digestive fire, and is wholesome to those who suffer from pain, distension of abdomen and hemorroids.
One should add the powdered mixture of dry ginger, black pepper, salt, cumin seeds, and orange peel to buttermilk and fumigate it with ghee and asafetida (hing).
The buttermilk that was first prepared by Parvatti is an excellent remedy against flaring up of all doshas. It is appetizing, digestive, is heavenly in taste and is like very much by Lord Shiva.
One should drink buttermilk that is sour and mixed with rock salt in aggravations of vata, that is sweet and mixed with sugar in aggravations of pitta, and that is mixed with salt and Vyosha (trikatu: black pepper, dry ginger and long pepper) in aggravations of kapha.
Just as the gods in paradise achieve immortality by drinking the divine ambrosia, so do humans on earth by drinking buttermilk.
Men should therefore drink buttermilk since it alleviates the three doshas. It should however be avoided in consumption (TB), loss of consciousness, vertigo, burning sensation, and bleeding disorders.
Buttermilk preparation called Acchika:
The buttermilk from previous day is strained through a cloth and powdered rock salt is added to it. It is then fumigated with the smoke of appetizers. Such buttermilk instantly stimulates the appetite.
There is no medicine, better then buttermilk for the cure of piles caused by the predominance of aggravated Vayu and kapha depending upon the Dosha involved, it is taken along with fat (for Vayu) or in an unctuous from(for Kapha).
The physician acquainted with the specifications of the strength of the patient as well as the nature of the season is given buttermilk for either a week or for 10 days or for 15 days or for a month.
If the Kayagni (power of digestion and metabolism) of the patient is very weak, then he is given only buttermilk both morning and evening, otherwise Takravalehika linctus prepared by adding buttermilk to the flour of fried paddy is given in the evening. After the buttermilk taken in the morning is digested, in the evening the patient is given a thin gruel prepared by adding buttermilk along with rocksalt, thereafter, rice mixed with buttermilk added with fat is given and buttermilk is given to such a patient as a drink. As food, he may be given vegetable soup or meat soup along with buttermilk. Alternatively, vegetable soup and meat soup prepared by boiling with buttermilk can be given to him.
Butter milk is administered up to 1 month, and thereafter, it is gradually withdrawn. It is withdrawn gradually in the same quantity in which it was increased.
While reducing buttermilk, the patient total food intake is reduced. Adoption of this procedure will promote and maintain his energy, maintain the strength of his digestive powder and promote his strength, plumpness as well as completion.
Buttermilk is of 3 types:
1) From which fat is completely removed
2) From which half of the fat is removed and
3) From which fat is not at all removed.
The physician acquainted with the nature of the Doshas involved in the causation of the disease, Agni (digestive capacity) of the patient and his strength should administer any of the above mentioned 3 types of buttermilk appropriately.
Buttermilk cleanness the channels of circulation as a result of which Rasa (end product of the food after digestion) reaches the tissue elements appropriately. This produces proper nourishment, strength, completion and exhilarations, and cures 100 diseases including those caused by Vayu, 80 in number, and Kapha, 20 in number. There is no medicine better than buttermilk, for the treatment of piles caused by Vayu and Kapha.
Charaka Samhita Chikitsa Sthana 14.76 – 14.88