Qualities: Pancamahabhuta and Vata, Pitta, and Kapha

 

Guna of ea. Mahabhuta
 (greater element):

Ayurveda is all about qualities. Start to look at the world through a lens of qualities and see what you experience.

 
10 pairs of Guna (20 qualities):


 

10 Pairs Opposites
Guru (heavy) Laghu (light)
Manda (dull, slow) Tikshna (sharp)
Hima (cool) Ushna (hot)
Snigdha (oily) Ruksha (dry)
Shlakshna (smooth) Khara (rough)
Sandra (dense) Drava (liquid)
Mrdu (soft) Kathina (hard)
Stira (stable) Chala (mobile)
Sukshma (subtle) Sthula (gross)
Vishada (clear) Picchila (cloudy, sticky, slimy)
 

Qualities (guna), Mahabhuta
(greater elements), and Vata, Pitta, and Kapha:

 

Panchamahahuta (element)

Guna (quality)

Ether (akasha)

Clear, light, subtle, soft, immeasurable

Air (vayu)

Mobile, dry, light, cold, subtle

Fire (agni)

Hot, sharp, light, dry, subtle

Water (apas)

Cool, liquid, dull, soft, oily, slimy

Earth (pruthivi)

Heavy, dull, static, dense, hard, gross

 

 

 
Gunas of Dosha:
 

 
Vata (air & space)
The qualities of Vata are dry, light, cool, rough, subtle and mobile
 
(Tatra ruksho laghu sheetah, khara sukshma chalo nilah)
-Ashtanga Hrdayam 1:11
 
 
Pitta (fire & water)
Pitta is oily, sharp, hot, light, fleshy-smelling, spreading and liquid
 
(Pittam sasneha tikshnoshnam laghu visram, saram dravam)
-Ashtanga Hrdayam 1:11
 
 
Kapha (water & earth)
Kapha is unctuous, cool, heavy, slow, smooth, soft and static
 
(Snigdhah shita gururmandah slakshno mritsnah sthirah Kaphah)
-Ashtanga Hrdayam 1:11
 

4 thoughts on “Qualities: Pancamahabhuta and Vata, Pitta, and Kapha

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