Asana Index

ASANA INDEX

 

• The 84 “Best” Asanas According to the Hatha Ratna Avali • Asanas in the Yoga Sutra • Asanas in the Hatha Y oga Pradipika

• Asanas in the Gheranda Samhita

• Asanas from the “Treasure of Truth” (Shri Tattva Nidhi)

 

THE 84 “BEST” ASANAS ACCORDING TO THE HATHA RATNA AVALI

 

There are eighty-four hundreds of thousands of Asanas described by Shiva. The postures are as many in number as there are numbers of species of living creatures in this universe. Among them eighty-four are the best; and among these eighty-four, thirty-two have been found useful for mankind in this world.

Gheranda-Samhita 2.1-2

 

* Confirmed (52): described in either HRA or other source

? Unknown (32)

 

^ Poses described by Gheranda (19) (omitted: Bhujanga, Garuda, Gupta, Makara, Matsya, Mukta, Sankata, Ustra, Utkata, Uttana manduka, Vriksha, Vrisha, Yoga)

 

 

NAME

WHAT IT MEANS

MODERN EQUIVALENT

DERIVATION /OTHER

 

? Akasha

Space, Ether

–The subtle and ethereal fluid supposed to fill and pervade the universe and be the vehicle of life and sound

 

* Angushtha

Thumb (or Big Toe)

VARIATIONS: 1) Padangushtha 2) Supta Padangushtha 3) Sit in Vajra with the toes turned under

 

? Ardha narishvara

Hermaphrodite (ardha = half; nari = woman; ishvara = Lord)

–“The male principal is … Fire, the devourer, while the female principle is Soma, the devoured offering. The Hermaphrodite is then the embodiment of the cosmic sacrifice, the image of the universe” (Danielou, The Gods of India, 203)

 

? Baddha pakshi ishvara

Bound Lord of Bird

 

* Baka

Crane or Heron

Same

–Also a “hypocrite, cheat, rogue, the crane being regarded as a bird of great cunning and deceit as well as circumspection”

 

*^ Bhadra

Auspicious, Prosperous

Baddha kona

–Also “blessed, fortunate, happy, gracious, excellent, beautiful, lovely”* Bhairava

Terrible

Mula bandha (stage 1)

–Derived from bhiru, “fearful, timid, cowardly”

 

? Brahma

Immense Being

–Derived from brih, “to expand, increase, make strong”; the one impersonal universal spirit manifested as a personal creator and as the first of the triad of personal gods; he never appears to have become an object of general worship

 

? Brahma prasadita

Brahma Pleasing

 

* Chakra

Wheel or Circle

Urdhva dhanu

 

? Chandra

Moon

–Literally “glittering, shining; a lovely or agreeable phenomenon of any kind”

 

? Chandra kanta

Beautiful Moon

–The Moon Stone, a gem supposed to be formed from the congelation of the moon’s rays and to dissolve under the influence of its light

The moon’s white rays the smiling night illume, And on the moon-gem concentrated fall,

That hangs in woven nets in every hall; Whence cooling dews upon the fair descend,

And life renewed to languid nature lend. – Meghaduta

 

* Chaurangi

Name of a maha siddhi (see HYP 1.5)

Squat with raised heels on balls of feet. Lean torso between arms and spread palms on floor. Hold elbows by sides of torso.1

 

? Chitra pitha

Excellent Seat

 

? Chitra karani

Excellent Instrument

 

*^ Dhanu

Bow

Akarna dhanu (in GS = dhanu)

 

? Dharavaha

 

* Dridha

Firm

Like Ananta, but top leg not raised (called dridha lying on left side; lying on right is dakshinasana)

–Also “whole, complete; steady, resolute; confirmed, established; intense, violent”

 

* Eka padaka

One Foot

Bhairava

 

*^ Gomukha

Cow Face

Same (legs only)

 

*^ Goraksha

Cow Herder

1) In padma, stand on knees 2) From bhadra, sit on heels

3) Like siddha (in Gheranda)

 

* Hamsa

Swan or Goose

Like Mayura, but feet stay on floor

–A bird of passage; sometimes a mythic or poetic bird, the vehicle of Brahma; soul, typified by the pure white color of a goose or swan, and migratory like a goose; sometimes the Universal Soul, identified with Viraj, Narayana, Vishnu, Shiva, Kama, and the Sun; resolvable into aham sa, “I am That”

 

? Indrani

Wife of Indra

–One of the 8 mothers or divine energies; also called Divine Grace (Shachi); the pupil of the left eye (Indra is the pupil of the right eye) – I am the banner and the head, a mighty arbitress am I … Rig Veda 10.159

 

? Kabandha

 

* Kama dahana

Desire (kama) Consumed

Mula bandha (stage 2)

-Literally the “burning up of the god of love (Kama) by Shiva”; the “gods, perturbed by the power of the antigod Taraka, sent Kama to awaken Shiva from his meditation. The angry god, disturbed by Lust, reduced him to ashes with the fire that flashed from his central eye. Hence Lust became the Bodiless (Ananga). Moved by the plaints of Desire (Rati), Shiva allowed Lust to be reborn as Pradyumna, the son of Krishna …” (Danielou, The Gods of India, 313)

 

? Kanta

Beloved

 

? Kanthava

In Padma, cross arm in front of torso and hold big toes

 

* Karmuka

Bow

 

* Khaga

Moving in the Air (i.e., Bird)

In Padma, lie prone, lift the chest and head off the floor, hold ribs with hands

–The “chief of birds,” Garuda, Vishnu’s vehicle

 

* Krauncha

Curlew or Osprey (Heron)

Same

Kukkuta (5 types) Rooster

1) *^ Akarita k”

Rooster-like

Kukkuta

2) ? Bandhachuli k”

Bound Crest

3)? Ekapadak”

One Foot

Possibly equivalent to Pangu

Kukkuta, performed by balancing on one hand

4) ? Panchaculi k”

Five Crest

5) ? Parshva k”

Side

 

*^ Kurma (3 types)

Tortoise

Sit in vajra, evert feet (from Gheranda)

–The earth considered as a tortoise swimming on the waters; Vishnu’s second incarnation, who descended to support the mountain Mandara at the churning of the ocean

2) * Baddha k”

Bound Tortoise

Sit in kurma, cross arms behind back, grasp feet (or simply grasp each foot with same-side hand)

3) ^ Uttana k”

Extended Tortoise

Garbha pinda (either sitting or lying on back; according to some sources holding earlobes is called Garbha, wrapping hands behind neck is Uttana Kurma)

 

*^ Manduka

Frog

Wide-knee Vira (hands can be inserted under knees)

 

* Markata

Monkey

Like Uttana

 

*^ Matsyendra (3 types)

Lord of Fish

Ardha matsyendra ?

2) ? Baddha m”

Bound Lord of Fish

3) * Parshva m”

Side

Sit right buttock on right heel, set left foot to outside of right hip; twist left, right back shoulder to outer left knee, clasp hands behind back; reverse

 

Mayura (6 types)

Peacock

1) * Bandha m” – Bound – Hamsa (another source: legs in Padma)

2) *^ Danda m” Staff – Mayura –Also “scepter as symbol of power and sovereignty, rod as a symbol of punishment”

3) *Eka pada m” – One Foot – Eka pada koundinya I?

4) *Parshva m” – Side – Dvi pada koundinya

5) *Pinda m” – Ball – Eka pada koundinya II –Also “embryo in early stage of gestation”

6) ?Sahaja m” – Natural –Derived from saha “jointly, in common”; ja “born or descended from”

 

? Mushtika – Handful

 

*  Nabhi lasita padak

Foot Playing at Navel

From bhadra, grasp feet with hands, lift heels to navel (see next)

 

*  Nabhi tala

Sole to Navel

See previous

 

*  Naga pitha

Serpent-Demon Seat

Possible Bhujanga or Sarpa

–Nagas are a race of serpent demons inhabiting the waters or city of Bhoga- vati under the earth; they are supposed to have a human face with serpent-like lower extremities, their kings are Shesha, Vasuki, and Takshaka

 

? Narjav

 

* Niralambana

Unsupported

Like Makara, but chin supported the palms joined “like a lotus”

 

 

*  Pada pindana

Foot Press

In Tada, bend one knee, bring heel to buttock, hold ankle with both hands

 

Padma (4 types) Lotus

1) *^ Bandha – Bound – Same

2) ? Kara – Making

3) * Samputita – Bowl Shaped – In padma, stack cupped hands in lap

4) ? Shuddha – Pure

 

* Pani patra

Drinking Out of the Cupped Hand (pani)

Kanda

 

*^ Pashchimatana

West

Same

Pashchima, “being behind, later, last, final”; pashchima sandhya, “evening twilight”; pashchima avastha, “last state,” i.e. verging on death

 

* Phani indra

Serpent King

Dvi pada shirsha

–Phanindra is another name for Shesha

 

? Raja

King

–Cognate with “royal” and “regal”

 

? Ratna

Jewel

–Also “gift, present, wealth, riches”

 

* Saura

Sacred Sun, Divine

Perform utkata, squatting on raised heels; then extend one leg

–Derived from sura, “wise person,” and surya, “sun”

 

*^ Sharabha

Deer or Grasshopper

1) Like shalabha 2) From vajra, lean forward, place forehead on floor, stretch arms behind back

–Fabulous animal supposed to have 8 legs and inhabit snowy mountains, stronger than the lion and the elephant

 

*^ Shava

Corpse

Same

–Derived from shvi, “to swell”

 

* Shayita pashchimatana

Reclining West

Urdhva mukha pashchima II

 

*^ Shilpa simha

Ornament Lion

Same, called Simha

 

? Shuddha pakshi

Pure Bird

 

*^ Siddha

Accomplished

Same

–Also “fulfilled, effected, gained, acquired; one who has attained the highest object; perfected, endowed with supernatural faculties; holy, divine; true or right, proved; effective, powerful, miraculous; a semi-divine being of great purity and perfection and said to possess the eight supernatural faculties; any inspired sage or prophet or seer, any great adept in magic”

 

*^Simhasana

Lion

Same

 

? Sudha asara

Shower of Nectar (sudha)

Sudha, literally “good drink,” the beverage of the gods; honey of flowers; juice, water, milk

 

? Sumandraka

Very Slow

 

*^ Svastika

Auspicious, Fortunate

Like siddha

–Mystical cross or mark made on persons or things to denote good luck (it is shaped like a Greek cross with the extremities of the four arms bent round in the same direction; the majority of scholars regard it as a solar symbol; that is, as representing a curtailed form of the wheel of the solar Vishnu, consisting of four spokes crossing each other at right angles with short fragments of the periphery of the circle at each end of each spoke turning round in one direction to denote the course of the sun …)

 

? Utpada tala

Emerging Sole

 

? Utphalaka

Jumping

 

*^ Vajra

Thunderbolt, Adamantine

Sit on heels (from Gheranda)

–The “hard or mighty one,” thunderbolt, especially that of Indra, said to be formed out of the bones of the rishi Dadichi, and shaped like a circular discus, or in later times regarded as having the form of two transverse bolts crossing each other thus: X

 

? Vichitra nalina

Beautiful Lotus (nalina)

 

* Vidhunana

Trembling

Squat on raised heels, stretch one leg out, touch the toes with the same-side hand

 

*^ Vira

Hero

1) Ardha padma 2) One leg in ardha vira, the other in ardha padma (from Gheranda)

 

* Vrishchika

Scorpion

Same

 

* Vyaghra

Tiger

1) Like simha, hands on floor beside hips, torso leaned slightly forward

2) On all fours, round back, draw one knee toward head, then reverse (from Dharma Mittra)

 

* Yoga nidra

Union Sleep

Same

–Meditation-sleep, which admits of the full exercise of mental powers; it is peculiar to devotees; the sleep of Vishnu at the end of a yuga; Vishnu’s sleep personified as a goddess; the great sleep of Brahma during the period between the annihilation and reproduction of the universe

 

ASANA IN THE YOGA SUTRA

Stable-and-easy posture. Patanjali, Yoga Sutra 2.46

The word asana means either that whereon a man sits [that is, a seat] or the manner in which he sits [that is, a posture] (Vachaspati Mishra).

 

Commentators:

Vyasa (“Arranger”) (V), Yoga Bhashya (Discussion on Yoga, 5th century CE): just names some poses

Shankara (attributed to) (S), Yoga Bhashya Vivarana (Gloss on the Discussion on Yoga, 9th century CE?)

Vachaspati Mishra (VM), Tattva Vaisharadi (Autumnal Clarity on the Categories [of existence], mid-9th century CE)

Swami Hariharananda Aranya (HA), Yoga Philosophy of Patanjali, 1963 Swami Veda Bharati (VB), Yoga Sutras of Patanjali, 2007

 

Benefits:

Wards off illnesses (cf. 1.30) Prevents other impediments, such as idleness and languor (cf. 1.30) and their accompaniments, such as unsteadiness of the limbs and erratic breath (cf. 1.31)

 

SANSKRIT

ENGLISH

DESCRIPTION

 

BHADRA

Propitious

This is what we call BADDHA KONASANA. Bring the soles together and the heels close to the perineum. Make a hollow of the hands (right cupped above left, palms facing, or back right hand resting in palm of left) and place them over the feet in the shape of a tortoise (VM). Over the centuries Bhadra has been described in countless ways: the toes are turned down and pressed to the floor, or turned back so that the practitioner sits on the outside edges of the feet (see Light on Yoga, #165), or the pose is performed much like what we call BHARADVAJASANA II (see LoY, #113).

 

DANDA

Staff

Sit down with the legs pressed together (VM, S). Like the previous pose, this one has numerous variations: especially the practitioner lies supine on the ground, arms stretched over head.

 

PADMA

Lotus

The lotus posture is well known (VM). Set the left foot on the right leg and the foot on the left leg. Firm the hips, chest and neck, fix the gaze on the nose tip, close the lips like the cover of a round casket, teeth not grinding, the chin a fist’s breadth away from the chest, tip of the tongue resting against the inside front teeth. Rest the joined hands on the heels in the position called the Tortoise or the Brahma anjali (S).

 

PARYANKA

Bed, Couch, Sofa

1) Lie down with the arms stretched around the knees (VM). 2) Lie down stretching the thighs and hands; also called Shavasana (HA). 3) Other versions describe the pose as similar to what we call SUPTA VIRASANA, with the hands either resting on the navel, on the thighs, or the forearms crossed over head, head resting on the crook where they cross. There’s also a description of the pose that sounds very much like our URDHVA DHANURASANA.

 

SAMA SAMSTHANA

Even or Balanced Shape

Press the soles against each other, place the hands on the respective knees.

 

SOPASHRAYA

Support

1) Support the arms with a yoga table (yoga pattaka). 2) Squat or lie on your back and tie the back and the two legs with a piece of cloth (HA). pattaka = a board; bandage, ribbon, piece of cloth; an armrest (bairagin)

 

SV ASTIKA

Auspicious

Insert the left foot between the contracted thigh and calf of the right leg, the right foot between the contracted thigh and calf of the left leg (VM).

 

VIRA

Hero

1) Rest one foot on the ground and place the other over the partially contracted knee (VM). 2) Bend one leg and rest the sole on the ground, rest the other leg from the knee to

the toes on the ground (S). Other texts describe numerous variations. Some consider VIRA to be similar to PADMA. There are several other sitting variations: one heel under the perineum, the other leg forward of the first, knee bent and lying on the floor; legs crossed as for SIMHA; one leg extended forward like DANDA, the other foot resting on the extended knee. There’s even a standing variation in which one sole is placed against the opposite knee.

 

KRAUNCHA

Heron

These seats may be understood by actually seeing a curlew and the other animals seated (VM).

 

HASTI

Elephant

 

USHTRA

Camel

Favorite (Stable-and-Easy, As-is-Easiest): That arrangement in which one finds entire stability and ease (S).

 

 

 

PRACTICE WITH THE YOGA SUTRA

 

With only about 11 asanas–three of which aren’t described–practice with the Yoga Sutra can be very short. We’ll have to make a few additions to make the practice interesting. We’ll include variations of Bhadra, Danda, Paryanka, and Vira. Then we’ll have to include the three asanas that are named by Vyasa but not described: Krauncha, Ushtra, and Hasti. The first two have well-known modern equivalents, so we’ll use those (or variations of them) in our practice. As for the third asana, there is a modern equivalent that in some schools is called the Elephant (but gaja, not hasti), but it’s much better known as Adho Mukha Shvanasana, Downward Facing Dog.

 

SEQUENCE

DANDA (1) Lie down with the arms stretched overhead

PARYANKA (1)  Supta Vira with hands on navel, thighs, or forearms crossed

HASTI Down Dog

VIRA One leg in Half Hero, bend the other leg, stand the foot on the floor

BHADRA (1) Bound Angle; kurma mudra

DANDA (2) Staff

KRAUNCHA Heron

HASTI Down Dog

PADMA Beginners substitute Svastika

HASTI Down Dog

USHTRA Camel

BHADRA (2) Bharadvaja 2 (beginners substitute Bharadvaja 1)

SOPASHRAYA

PARYANKA (2) Corpse

 

 

ASANAS IN THE HATHA YOGA PRADIPIKA

KEY: ● = Kantha bandha (Throat Bond) ▼= Nasa agra drishti (stare at nose tip) ▲ = Bhru madhya drishti (stare at mid-brow)

 

 

SANSKRIT

ENGLISH

IYENGAR EQUIV ALENT

COMMENT

 

 

BHADRA

Auspicious, Happy

Baddha konasana

Compare GS; alternate name: Goraksha

 

 

DHANU

Bow

Akarna dhanu

Compare GS

 

 

GOMUKHA

Cow Face

Similar, but no mention of the arms and hands

 

 

KUKKUTA

Cock

Same

For variations, see HRA

 

 

KURMA

Tortoise

Like Vajra (see GS), but feet everted (i.e., toes turned out)

 

 

MATSYENDRA

Lord of Fish

Ardha matsyendrasana I

Compare GS

 

 

MAYURA

Peacock

Same

For variations, see HRA

 

 

PADMA ▼●

Lotus

Baddha padma

Compare GS

 

 

PASHCHIMOTTANA

Intense-Stretch- of-the-West (i.e. the back of the body)

Same

The “foremost” among asanas

 

 

SIDDHA ▲●

Accomplished, Perfect

Same

The “best” of all asanas

 

 

SIMHA ▼●

Lion

Similar, but no mention of the characteristic “roar” exhale

Facilitates the three major bandhas (mula, uddiyana, kantha)

 

 

SV ASTIKA

Fortunate, Prosperous

Like Siddha

Place the soles inside the thighs and knees. Sit up straight

 

 

UTTANA KURMA

Extended Tortoise

Similar to Garbha Pinda, but performed on back

Compare GS; alternate name Uttana kukkuta

 

 

VIRA

Hero

None

Compare GS; alternate name Ardha (Half) One leg in Manduka (see GS), the other in Ardha Padma

 

 

SHAVA

Corpse

Same

 

 

PRACTICE WITH SVATMARAMA

 

KURMA Like Vajra, but feet everted; beginners sit in Vajra

SIMHA ▼● Same Same

BHADRA Baddha konasana

MAYURA Same Same

GOMUKHA Similar

PASHCHIMA Same Same

DHANU Akarna dhanu

MATSYENDRA Ardha matsyendrasana I

VIRA None One leg in Manduka, the other in Ardha Padma

PADMA▼● Baddha padma

KUKKUTA Same Same

UTTANA KURMA Garbha Pinda alternate ?

MATSYENDRA Ardha matsyendrasana I

SIDDHA ▲● Same Same

SHAVA Same Same

 

 

 

 

 

ASANAS IN THE GHERANDA SAMHITA

KEY:

● = Kantha bandha (Throat Bond) * In Svatmarama, Hatha Yoga Pradipika ▼= Nasa agra drishti (stare at nose tip) ▲ = Bhru madhya drishti (stare at mid-brow)

 

 

SANSKRIT

ENGLISH

IYENGAR EQUIV ALENT

COMMENT

 

 

BHADRA ▼●

Auspicious, Happy

Mula Bandha

Compare HYP

 

BHUJANGA

Serpent, usually called Cobra

Same

 

DHANU

Bow

Same

Compare HYP

 

GARUDA

Devourer or Eagle

Name used for different pose, but like Vira

Sit in Vira with the feet everted (similar to Kurma, see below)

 

GOMUKHA *

Cow Face

Similar, but no mention of the arms and hands

Compare HYP

 

GORAKSHA

Cow Herd

Name used for a different pose

Put the feet in plain view between the calves and thighs, cover the heels with the upturned hands

 

GUPTA

Hidden

None, but similar to Siddha

Conceal the feet between the calves and thighs, set the anus on top of them

 

KUKKUTA

Cock

Same

 

KURMA

Tortoise

Like Vajra (see below), but with feet everted (i.e., toes turned out, heels together)

 

MAKARA

Sea Monster, Dolphin

Similar

Hold the head in the arms

 

MANDUKA

Frog

Like wide-knee virasana

Toes together, heels apart, sit on the inner feet. Spread your knees at least as wide as, or wider than, the hips.

 

MATSYA

Fish

Similar, but no lifted chest

Assume an “unbound” Padma, lie flat, wrap the arms around the head

 

MATSYENDRA 

Lord of Fish

Ardha matsyendrasana I

Compare HYP Put the elbow on the up-pointing knee, rest the chin in the hand

 

MAYURA

Peacock

Same

 

MUKTA

Liberated

Similar to Manduka (see below), but stack one ankle on the other and then sit on the top heel

 

PADMA ▼●

Lotus

Baddha padma

Compare HYP

 

PASHCHIMOTTANA

Intense-Stretch- of-the-West (i.e. the back of the body)

Same

 

SANKATA

Critical

Like Gomukha, but sit on heels

 

SHALABHA

Locust, Grasshopper

Similar leg position only

Place the hands on the floor beside the chest, raise the legs

 

SIDDHA ●▲

Accomplished, Perfect

Same

 

SIMHA ▼●

Lion

Similar, but no mention of the characteristic “roar” exhale

 

SVASTIKA *

Fortunate, Prosperous

Like Siddha

 

USHTRA

Camel

Similar to Dhanu

From Dhanu, cross the ankles and hold each with opposite hand, lift the head and upper torso, thighs stay on floor. Draw in the belly and the mouth

 

UTKATA

Superior, Hazardous

Similar

Squat on the balls of the feet, buttocks supported on the raised heels. Stretch your arms straight forward, parallel to the floor, raise them perpendicular to the floor, or touch the palms in anjali mudra.

 

UTTANA KURMA

Extended Tortoise

Garbha Pinda

 

UTTANA MANDUKA

Extended Frog

None

“Hold the head by the elbows, and stand up like a frog” (Gheranda). Sit in Mandukasana, raise the arms, bend the elbows, hands press scapulas. In one version the hands are placed on the same- side shoulder blades; in another the forearms are crossed and the hands placed on the opposite shoulder blades. VARIATION: Cross the forearms above the head, hold the elbows

 

VAJRA

Diamond

None

Sit on your heels with the tops of the feet on the floor. V ARIA TIONS: 1) Lean back, press the hands to the floor slightly behind the feet, lift the chest

2) Sit with the toes turned under 3) In either (1) or (2), lift the buttocks off the heels

 

VIRA

Hero

Similar to the leg position for Bharadvajasana II

Compare HYP Sit on your buttocks. Bend the left knee and draw the leg back into Half Hero (ardha virasana). Bring the right leg into Half Lotus (ardha padmasana). Beginners bring one leg into Half Hero and the other into Half Bound Angle (ardha baddha konasana). This version of Virasana is called the Bull Posture (vrishasana).

 

VRIKSHA

Tree

Same

One leg in Manduka (see above), the other

 

VRISHA

Bull

None

 

YOGA 

Union

Like Padma

Sit in Padma, lay the backs of open hands on the floor

 

SHAVA

Corpse

Same

 

 

 

 

 

 

ASANAS FROM THE “TREASURE OF TRUTH” (Shri Tattva Nidhi)

Sri Tattva Nidhi was compiled in the early nineteenth century from hundreds of old texts under the direction of Krishnaraja Wodeyar III (1780-1865), Maharaja of Mysore. It contains about 1500 pages divided into nine sections (called “treasures,” nidhis), describing traditional poetry, arts, music, as well as contemporary games and entertainment. It also includes 122 asanas.

An earlier text of gymnastic exercise, Vyayama Dipika (Light on Exercise) is very similar to the Sri tattva nidhi. Vyayama Dipika is a compilation of English exercise, gymnastics, trapeze, and parallel bars, and the Indian system of bodybuilding, wrestling, and the use of weapons.

 

ASANAS FOUND IN IYENGAR (*found in Iyengar but names a different pose)

 

 

ENGLISH Sanskrit Iyengar equivalent

 

 

ACCOMPLISHED Siddha Similar

BANNER  Dhvaja Parshva Sarvangasan

BOATNauka Similar (spelled nava)

BOW*Dhanu Akarna Dhanurasana

CHARIOT Ratha Like Parshvottanasana?

CORPSE Shava Same

COUCH* Paryanka Urdhva Dhanurasana

COW Dhenuka Gomukhasana legs

CRANE Baka Same

CROW Kaka Malasana

EAGLE* Garuda Like Vatayanasana

ELEPHANT Gaja Adho Mukha Shvanasana

ELEPHANT GOAD Ankusha Bhairavasana

EMBRYO Garbha Pashchimottanasana

ENDLESS* Ananta Bhairavasana

EXTENDED TORTOISE Uttana Kurma Garbha Pindasana

FACE DOWN Nyubja Parshva Dhanurasana

FISH* Matsya Like Bhujangasana

FOOT/HAND JOINED Padahastasamyoga Padangushtha Dhanurasana

FOREST SPARROW Aranaya Cataka Like Dvipada Shirshasana

FORTUNATE Bhadra  Like Baddha Konasana

GARLAND* Mala Tittibhasana

GOAT Aja Adho Mukha Vrikshasana

GOOSE* Hamsa Like Kukkutasana

GOOSE Kadamba Like Malasana I

HALF MOON* Ardha Chandra Vrikshasana

HALF WEST Ardha Pashchima Janu Shirshasana

HEAD Kapala Shirshasana II

HELL Naraka Like Shirshasana

HERO* Vira  Simhasana legs?

HIP GIRDLE Kanchya Like Malasana II

LION Simha Same

LORD OF FISH SEAT   Matsyendra Pitha Marichyasana IV

LOTUS Padma Same

LOVE SEAT Kama Pitha Setu Bandha

MEDICINAL PLANT Parpata Like Dandasana, hands clasped below thighs

MOUNTAIN* Parvata Simhasana legs (?), arms crossed in front of torso

NOOSE Pasha Similar

PARTRIDGE Tittirya Like Ganda Bherundasana

PEACOCK Mayura  Same

PILLOW Ucchirsaka Like Yogadandasana

PLANET Graha Like Malasana I

PLOW Langala  Same but called Halasana

NORTH STAR Dhruva   Like Utthita Hasta Padangushthasana

PRESS Utpida Like wide-knee Utkatasana

REED Vetra Like Setu Bandha

ROLLING Luntha Viparita Chakrasana?

ROOSTER Kukkuta Same

SANDAL Panduka Like Pada Hastasana

SERPENT Sarpa Bhujangasana

SKYLARK* Bharadvaja Like Tolasana

SNAKE Sarpa Shalabhasana

SPIKE Shula Shayanasana

STRETCHED OUT LEGS Uttanapada Samakonasana

SUPERIOR Utkata Similar, in deep squat

THREE STEPS Trivikrama Durvasana

UNION Yoga Yogamudra

UPPER WEST Urdhva Pashchima Skandasana

WHEEL* Chakra Vrishchika

HALF MOON* Ardha Chandra Vrikshasana

HALF WEST Ardha Pashchima Janu Shirshasana

HEAD Kapala Shirshasana II

HELL Naraka Like Shirshasana

HERO* Vira  Simhasana legs?

HIP GIRDLE Kanchya Like Malasana II

LION Simha Same

LORD OF FISH SEAT   Matsyendra Pitha Marichyasana IV

LOTUS Padma Same

LOVE SEAT Kama Pitha Setu Bandha

MEDICINAL PLANT Parpata Like Dandasana, hands clasped

below thighs

MOUNTAIN* Parvata Simhasana legs (?), arms crossed in

front of torso

NOOSE Pasha Similar

PARTRIDGE Tittirya Like Ganda Bherundasana

PEACOCK Mayura  Same

PILLOW Ucchirsaka Like Yogadandasana

PLANET Graha Like Malasana I

PLOW Langala  Same but called Halasana

NORTH STAR Dhruva   Like Utthita Hasta

Padangushthasana

PRESS Utpida Like wide-knee Utkatasana

REED Vetra Like Setu Bandha

ROLLING Luntha Viparita Chakrasana?

ROOSTER Kukkuta Same

SANDAL Panduka Like Pada Hastasana

SERPENT Sarpa Bhujangasana

SKYLARK* Bharadvaja Like Tolasana

SNAKE Sarpa Shalabhasana

SPIKE Shula Shayanasana

STRETCHED OUT LEGS Uttanapada Samakonasana

SUPERIOR Utkata Similar, in deep squat

THREE STEPS Trivikrama Durvasana

UNION Yoga Yogamudra

UPPER WEST Urdhva Pashchima Skandasana

WHEEL* Chakra Vrishchika

 

 

NOT FOUND IN IYENGAR

• Name found in Iyengar but asana is different

 

ENGLISH

ARROW Shankva Standing, lift each heel in turn to buttock

AUSPICIOUS Svastika Sitting like “loose” Padmasana

BALL Kanduka Supine, roll into “ball”

BEAR Riksha Step from Adho Mukha Shvanasana to lunge

BOAR Varaha   Elbows and knees on floor, hands on head, heels to buttocks

BOUND FINGER Hastangulibaddha Kneeling, stretch arms with clasped hands behind

CAMEL* Ushtra   Stand on balls of feet, stretch arms up

CHILD HUG Balalinga Standing, hug one knee to chest

CROOKED Kubja Sitting cross legged, place chin on navel

DEER Harina Jump up, kick buttocks with heels

DIAMOND Vajra Heels press perineum

EASY Sukha Sitting cross legged

EMBRACER Alinga 3 forearm lengths from wall, touch wall with chest

EXTENDED CAT Marjari Uttana Supine, clasp hands behind neck, elbows pressed by drawn up thighs

FLYING ROOSTER Kukkuta Udana Palms and soles on floor, “raise up and fall” repeatedly

FRANTIC DANCE Tandava Stand on one foot, raise other

GATE LATCH* Parigha Supine, legs straight on floor, hands clasp on neck, perform kumbhaka

HATCHET Parashvadha Supine, elbows on navel, stretch each hand to nose tip, lift hips from floor

HARE Shasha In Adho Mukha Shvanasana, repeatedly bend knees

HAWK Shyena From Adho Mukha Vrikshasana, touch nose to floor, raise up again

HEART-KNEE JOINED Hrijjanusamyoga Sitting, cradle foreleg in arms

HORIZONTAL BOAT Tiryannauka Like Viparita Karani Mudra

HORSE MAKER Ashvasadhana Sitting, hands on floor, feet on top, move “body like a horse”?

HYENA Tarakshva From Adho Mukha Shvanasana, twist head repeatedly towards armpits; do same from Plank position

INTENSE STRETCH* Uttanasana Supine, knees to navel, wrap arms around neck, elbows to knees, rock back and forth

KICKING THE BULL FOOT

Vrshapada Kshepasana Supine, clasp hands on neck, elbows together, buttocks on floor, stretch out one leg, rotate other

MONKEY Vanara Stand upright on knees, clasp arm with opposite hand

PESTLE Musala Standing, repeatedly raise arms

PIGEON* Kapota Standing, bring hands down backward to knees

POTTER’S WHEEL Kulalachakra Stretch out, rotate hands

PURE Vimala   Squat on one raised heel, place free foot on bent knee

RAM Mesha In Adho Mukha Shvanasana, strike floor with each arm

REVERSE DANCE Viparitanritya In Adho Mukha Vrikshasana, “dance on hands”

SANDAL Paduka Sitting, knees bent, feet on floor, place hands under soles, walk forward

SHAKER Prenkha (1) In Dandasana, press hands on floor, lift legs (2)Then lift feet over head, buttocks on floor

SPARROW Cataka Forearms and shins on floor, draw knees to navel

STAND UP Utthana Utthana Knee bends

STONE Drishada In Kandukasana, roll side to side

SWORD Khadga ?

THREE PEAKS Trikuta Supine, knees bent, feet on floor, rest raised torso and head on forearms by sides

TRIPLE STRIKE Kuttanatraya Strike arms, thighs, sides of body “and so on”

TWO HEAD Dvishirsha Raise the shoulders to the ears

WOLF Vrka   Supine, soles on floor, stand up

WOMB Shuktya Heels to navel, thighs together?

 

 

 

 

UNKNOWN ASANAS from the Shri Tattva Nidhi: sequence

 

SUPINE   

BALL Kanduka Supine, roll into “ball”

STONE Drishada In Kandukasana, roll side to side

INTENSE STRETCH* Uttanasana Supine, knees to navel, wrap arms around neck, elbows to knees, rock back and forth

EXTENDED CAT Marjari Uttana Supine, clasp hands behind neck, elbows pressed by drawn up thighs

THREE PEAKS Trikuta Supine, knees bent, feet on floor, rest raised torso and head on forearms by sides

HARE Shasha In Adho Mukha Shvanasana, repeatedly bend knees

HYENA Tarakshva From Adho Mukha Shvanasana, twist head repeatedly towards armpits

BEAR  Riksha Step from Adho Mukha Shvanasana to lunge

BOUND FINGER Hastangulibaddha Kneeling, stretch arms with clasped hands behind

 

SQUAT   

PURE Vimala Squat on one raised heel, place free foot on bent knee

 

STANDING   

POTTER’S WHEEL Kulalachakra Stretch out, rotate hands

PESTLE Musala Standing, repeatedly raise arms

CAMEL* Ushtra Stand on balls of feet, stretch arms up

CHILD HUG Balalinga Standing, hug one knee to chest

ARROW Shankva Standing, lift each heel in turn to buttock

STAND UP Utthana Utthana Knee bends

EMBRACER Alinga 3 forearm lengths from wall, touch wall with chest

PIGEON* Kapota Standing, bring hands down backward to knees

 

SITTING   

EASY Sukha Sitting cross legged

TWO HEAD Dvishirsha Raise the shoulders to the ears

HEART-KNEE JOINED Hrijjanusamyoga Sitting, cradle foreleg in arms

SANDAL Paduka   Sitting, knees bent, feet on floor, place hands under soles, walk forward

SHAKER Prenkha (1) In Dandasana, press hands on floor, lift legs  (2) Then lift feet over head, buttocks on floor

 

INVERTED   

HORIZONTAL BOAT Tiryannauka Like Viparita Karani Mudra

 


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